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We evaluated the effect of low-dose bupivacaine plus fentanyl administered intrathecally in elderly patients undergoing transurethral prostatectomy. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group F received plain bupivacaine 4 mg with 25 micro g of fentanyl and sterile water to a total of 1.5 ml, and Group B received only 0.5% plain bupivacaine(More)
PURPOSE To assess the efficacy of botulinum toxin type A in spasticity in upper-motor neuron syndromes. METHODS Twenty-three patients with spasticity resulted from stroke-related hemiplegia, transverse myelitis and multiple sclerosis took part in the study. Following the history and physical examinations of the patients, injections of botulinum toxin-A(More)
We tested the hypothesis that using a combination of methods would result in a greater reduction in the incidence of hypotension due to spinal anaesthesia in caesarean sections compared with using each method on its own. A total of 120 patients were randomly allocated to the following four treatment groups: 10 mg bupivacaine 0.5% intrathecally plus 500 ml(More)
UNLABELLED We designed this double-blinded, randomized, controlled study to evaluate the effect of small-dose ketamine IV in combination with epidural morphine and bupivacaine on postoperative pain after renal surgery. An epidural catheter was inserted, and the administration of morphine and bupivacaine was started before surgery. Forty patients were(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE A need exists for a safe and effective oral preanaesthetic medication for use in children undergoing elective surgery. The study sought to define the dose of oral ketamine that would facilitate induction of anaesthesia without causing significant side-effects. METHODS We studied 80 children undergoing elective surgery under(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to determine whether oral ketamine premedication affected the incidence of emergence agitation in children. METHODS Thirty minutes before induction of anaesthesia, 80 children who were undergoing adenotonsillectomy with or without bilateral myringotomy and insertion of tubes received either ketamine 6(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the effects of high-dose propofol on the incidence of fasciculations and myalgia, and to evaluate changes in creatine kinase levels following the administration of succinylcholine in 90 women who underwent laparoscopy. METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups.(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial infections are one of the most serious complications in intensive care unit patients because they lead to high morbidity, mortality, length of stay and cost. The aim of this study was to determine the nosocomial infections, risk factors, pathogens and the antimicrobial susceptibilities of them in intensive care unit of a university(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a multimodal analgesic regimen, including intravenous ketamine and peritonsillar infiltration of bupivacaine, on post-tonsillectomy pain in children. MATERIAL/METHODS Ninety children aged 2-12 years, undergoing tonsillectomy, were enrolled in this randomized, controlled and double-blinded(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Strabismus surgery is a frequently performed pediatric ocular procedure. A frequently occurring major problem in patients receiving this treatment involves the oculocardiac reflex. This reflex is associated with an increased incidence of postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects(More)