Selim Cellek

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The L-arginine:nitric oxide (NO) pathway is believed to exert many of its physiological effects via stimulation of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (SGC); however, the lack of a selective inhibitor of this enzyme has prevented conclusive demonstration of this mechanism of action. We have found that the compound 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3,-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ)(More)
1. In vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated a dysfunctional nitrergic system in diabetes mellitus, thus explaining the origin of diabetic impotence. However, the mechanism of this nitrergic defect is not understood. 2. In the penises of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats, here, we show by immunohistochemistry that nitrergic nerves undergo(More)
We have reported previously that phospholipase D1 (PLD1) is labeled specifically with [(3)H]palmitate following transient expression and immunoprecipitation and that this modification appeared important both for membrane localization and catalytic activity. In this work we identify by mutagenesis that the acylation sites on PLD1 are cysteine residues 240(More)
The distinction between metabolic and structural changes occurring in autonomic neurons during diabetes has not been fully clarified. Here we demonstrate that nitric oxide synthase-containing (nitrergic) neurons innervating the penis and gastric pylorus of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats undergo a selective degenerative process in two phases. In the(More)
PURPOSE In cavernous smooth muscle nitric oxide (NO) activates soluble guanylate cyclase, which catalyzes the synthesis of cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate, leading to smooth muscle relaxation, increased blood flow and penile erection. The pyrazolopyridine derivative BAY41-2272(More)
The relationship between vascular tone and the induction by endotoxin of a nitric oxide (NO) synthase was studied in vitro in rings of rat thoracic aorta. In rings with and without endothelium there was a time-dependent induction of NO synthase accompanied by both spontaneous and L-arginine-induced relaxation and by reduced contractility to phenylephrine.(More)
PURPOSE Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) causes mechanical urinary flow obstruction by 2 components, namely an enlarged prostate (static component) and elevated smooth muscle tone (dynamic component). Currently available treatments for BPH aim to inhibit the proliferation of prostatic cells or decrease the elevated tone. To our knowledge no single agent(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated mixed inhibitory and facilitatory effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine-4 (5-HT(4)) receptor agonists on electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced responses in human isolated colon. Here we report three types of responses to EFS in human isolated colon circular muscle: monophasic cholinergic contraction during EFS, biphasic(More)
1. The actions of 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3,-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), a specific inhibitor of the soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC), were investigated in the rabbit anococcygeus muscle. 2. ODQ (1 nM-1 microM) inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner the relaxations induced by electrical field stimulation (EFS; 50 V, 0.3 ms duration, 1 Hz, for 5 s, every(More)
1. Isolated preparations of rabbit anococcygeus muscle were exposed to electrical field stimulation (EFS; 50V, 0.3 ms duration, 0.08-40 Hz) for periods of 1-60 s (short-term EFS) or 10 min-2 h (long-term EFS). 2. Both short- and long-term EFS caused a contractile response which was enhanced by the nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine(More)