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We show that the spatio-temporal distortion, spatial chirp, is naturally and easily measured by single-shot versions of second-harmonic generation frequency-resolved optical gating (SHG FROG) (including the extremely simple version, GRENOUILLE);. While SHG FROG traces are ordinarily symmetrical, a pulse with spatial chirp yields a trace with a shear that is(More)
We demonstrate compression of high-energy ultrashort laser pulses by nonlinear propagation inside gas-filled planar hollow waveguides. We adjust the input beam size along the nonguided dimension of the planar waveguide to restrain the intensity below photoionization, while the relatively long range guided propagation yields significant self-phase modulation(More)
By immersing a conventional glass axicon in index-matching liquid, we generated high quality, tunable, quasi non-diffracting Bessel beams. The aberrations resulting from the roundness of the axicon tip are minimized when a large base angle is used in liquid-immersion. This configuration also allows coarse and fine tunability through changing the liquid and(More)
We demonstrate a simple, essentially alignment-free Transient-Grating Frequency-Resolved-Optical-Gating arrangement using a simple input mask that separates the input beam into three beams and a Fresnel biprism that crosses and delays them. It naturally operates single shot and has no moving parts. It is also extremely broadband and hence should be ideal(More)
We demonstrate frequency-resolved optical gating (FROG) for measuring the full intensity and phase of several-optical-cycle 1.5-m pulses generated from a Kerr-lens mode-locked (KLM) Cr4+:YAG laser. This involves the use of an angle-dithered second-harmonic-generation crystal to achieve the full pulse bandwidth despite the use of a relatively thick nonlinear(More)
We review the problem of measuring an ultrashort laser pulse and then describe several experimentally simple, accurate, and very reliable methods for measuring both very simple laser pulses and very complex ultrashort light pulses. Each of these methods comprises only a few easily aligned components, and they allow the measurement of a wide range of pulses,(More)
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