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A challenge in using plasmonic nanostructure-drug conjugates for thermo-chemo combination cancer therapy lies in the huge size discrepancy; the size difference can critically differentiate their biodistributions and hamper the synergistic effect. Properly tuning the plasmonic wavelength for photothermal therapy typically results in the nanostructure size(More)
We report a nanoparticle-based probe that can be used for a "turn-on" theragnostic agent for simultaneous Raman imaging/diagnosis and photothermal therapy. The agent consists of a 10 nm spherical gold nanoparticle (NP) with pH-responsive ligands and Raman probes on the surface. They are engineered to exhibit the surface with both positive and negative(More)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been extensively studied for photothermal cancer therapy because AuNPs can generate heat upon near-infrared irradiation. However, improving their tumor-targeting efficiency and optimizing the nanoparticle size for maximizing the photothermal effect remain challenging. We demonstrate that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can(More)
For fluorescent imaging of mercury ions in living species, two-photon probes with dual optical windows are in high demand but remain unexplored. Several dithioacetals were evaluated, and a probe was found, which, upon reaction with mercury species, yielded a two-photon dye; this conversion accompanies ratiometric emission changes with a 97-nm shift,(More)
DNA nanostructures have been attractive due to their structural properties resulting in many important breakthroughs especially in controlled assemblies and many biological applications. Here, we report a unique energy storage device which is a supercapacitor that uses nanostructured DNA hydrogel (Dgel) as a template and layer-by-layer (LBL)-deposited(More)
We report the feasibility of a novel contrast agent, namely "smart" gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), in the detection of cancer cells with photothermal optical coherence tomography (PT-OCT). "Smart" AuNPs form aggregation in low pH condition, which is typical for cancer cells, and this aggregation results in a shift of their absorption spectrum. A PT-OCT system(More)
The metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF) by metal nanoparticles is a useful technique for fluorescence detections in biological systems. The MEF effects with gold nanorods (AuNRs) and nanocubes (AuNCs) for fluorescence enhancements of sulfonated aluminum phthalocyanine (AlPcS), a commonly used and clinical approved photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy of(More)
The detection of colon cancer using endoscopy is widely used, but the interpretation of the diagnosis is based on the clinician's naked eye. This is subjective and can lead to false detection. Here we developed a rapid and accurate molecular fluorescence imaging technique using antibody-coated quantum dots (Ab-QDs) sprayed and washed simultaneously on colon(More)