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Sequences flanking translational initiation and termination sites have been compiled and statistically analyzed for various eukaryotic taxonomic groups. A few key similarities between taxonomic groups support conserved mechanisms of initiation and termination. However, a high degree of sequence variation at these sites within and between various eukaryotic(More)
Fluorescent nanoparticle-based imaging probes have advanced current labelling technology and are expected to generate new medical diagnostic tools based on their superior brightness and photostability compared with conventional molecular probes. Although significant progress has been made in fluorescent semiconductor nanocrystal-based biological labelling(More)
Fluorescent gold clusters (FGCs) with tunable emission from blue to red and quantum yields in the range of 6-17% have been synthesized by simple modification of the conditions used for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, namely by replacing the stronger reducing agent with a controlled amount of thiol. Various functional FGCs with hydrodynamic diameters of(More)
We report an investigation into the magnetic and electronic properties of partially hydrogenated vertically aligned few layers graphene (FLG) synthesized by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The FLG samples are hydrogenated at different substrate temperatures to alter the degree of hydrogenation and their depth profile. The unique(More)
Water soluble graphene with various chemical- and biofunctionalities is essential for their different applications. However, exfoliated graphenes are insoluble in water and water soluble graphene oxide precipitate if they are chemically reduced to graphene. We have developed a polyacrylate coating method for graphene oxide and then chemically reduced it(More)
Electronic structures of graphene oxide (GO) and hydro-thermally reduced graphene oxides (rGOs) processed at low temperatures (120-180°C) were studied using X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS). C K-edge XANES spectra of rGOs reveal that thermal reduction restores C =(More)
This investigation studies the various magnetic behaviors of graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxides (rGOs) and elucidates the relationship between the chemical states that involve defects therein and their magnetic behaviors in GO sheets. Magnetic hysteresis loop reveals that the GO is ferromagnetic whereas photo-thermal moderately reduced graphene(More)
The atomistic nucleation sites of Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs) on N-doped carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) were investigated using C and N K-edge and Pt L3-edge X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES)/extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy. Transmission electron microscopy and XANES/EXAFS results revealed that the self-organized Pt NPs on(More)
Multi-wall nitrogenated carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) are modified by the chlorine–plasma treatment (N-CNTs: Cl) and hence studied their field emission characteristics. It is observed that the turn-on voltage of N-CNTs is decreased from ~ 1.0 V/µm to ~ 0.875 V/µm on chlorination. The current density is enhanced from 1.3 mA/cm 2 (N-CNTs) to ~ 15 mA/cm 2(More)
This work elucidates the electronic structure, electron field emission and magnetic anisotropic behaviors of single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for the spin-electronics device application grown on the La0.66Sr0.33MnO3 (LSMO)/SrTiO3 (STO) substrate. Micro-Raman spectroscopy, X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and valence-band photoemission(More)