Sekar Ramachandran

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One hallmark of cancer cells is their adaptation to rely upon an altered metabolic scheme that includes changes in the glycolytic pathway, known as the Warburg effect, and elevated glutamine metabolism. Glutaminase, a mitochondrial enzyme, plays a key role in the metabolism of glutamine in cancer cells, and its inhibition could significantly impact(More)
Glutaminase C is a key metabolic enzyme, which is unregulated in many cancer systems and believed to play a central role in the Warburg effect, whereby cancer cells undergo changes to an altered metabolic profile. A long-standing hypothesis links enzymatic activity to the protein oligomeric state, hence the study of the solution behavior in general and the(More)
The activation of Gα subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is a critical event underlying a variety of biological responses. Understanding how G proteins are activated will require structural and biochemical analyses of GPCRs complexed to their G protein partners, together with structure-function studies of Gα mutants(More)
One hallmark of cancer cells is their adaptation to rely upon an altered metabolic scheme that includes changes in the glycolytic pathway, known as the Warburg effect, and elevated glutamine metabolism. Glutaminase, a mitochondrial enzyme, plays a key role in the metabolism of glutamine in cancer cells, and its inhibition could significantly impact(More)
The GDP-GTP exchange activity of the retinal G protein, transducin, is markedly accelerated by the photoreceptor rhodopsin in the first step of visual transduction. The x-ray structures for the alpha subunits of transducin (alpha(T)) and other G proteins suggest that the nucleotide-binding (Ras-like) domain and a large helical domain form a "clam shell"(More)
The GTP-binding protein (G protein), transducin, serves as a key molecular switch in vertebrate vision through the tight regulation of its GTP-binding (activation)/GTP hydrolytic (deactivation) cycle by the photoreceptor rhodopsin. To better understand the structure-function characteristics of transducin activation, we have set out to identify spectroscopic(More)
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