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Defective (D) RNAs were generated in tobacco upon passage of two isolates of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) initially derived from RNA transcripts of cDNA clones. In both cases, the D RNA was derived by a single in-frame deletion of either 339 or 411 nt within the 3a gene of Fny-CMV RNA 3 or M-CMV RNA 3, respectively. The generation of D RNAs was rare and(More)
Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) from naturally infected Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. loses virulence in its experimental systemic host Hibiscus cannabinus L. (kenaf) after serial passages in a local lesion host Chenopodium quinoa. Here we report the genetic changes responsible for the loss of virulence at the molecular level. A remarkable covariation(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the coat protein gene of cymbidium mosaic virus (CyMV) has been determined from a cDNA clone that encompassed the 3′-region of the virus genome. The 0.75 kb coat protein open reading frame (ORF) codes for a 24kD polypeptide. The coat protein coding region was separated from the 3′-poly(A) terminal of the viral genome by an 80 base(More)
RNA plant viruses use various translational regulatory mechanisms to control their gene expression. Translational enhancement of viral mRNAs that leads to higher levels of protein synthesis from specific genes may be essential for the virus to successfully compete for cellular translational machinery. The control elements have yet to be analyzed for members(More)
Viral nervous necrosis disease (VNN), caused by nervous necrosis virus (NNV), leads to mass mortality in mariculture. However, phenotypic selection for resistance against VNN is very difficult. To facilitate marker-assisted selection (MAS) for resistance against VNN and understanding of the genetic architecture underlying the resistance against this(More)
Salicylic acid (SA)-induced resistance to Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) results from inhibition of systemic virus movement and is induced via a signal transduction pathway that also can be triggered by antimycin A, an inducer of the mitochondrial enzyme alternative oxidase (AOX). In Arabidopsis thaliana, inhibition of CMV(More)
A protoplast isolation protocol was developed for kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) leaf tissue from potted plants. The kenaf protoplast system was further established to support replication of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV). Kenaf protoplasts were isolated using 0.8% cellulase and 0.5% macerase digestion for 16 h at 25°C. Average yields ranged from(More)
Hibiscus latent Singapore virus (HLSV) is a rigid rod-shaped plant virus and a new member of the Tobamovirus family. Unlike all other Tobamoviruses, the HLSV genome contains a unique poly(A) tract in its 3' untranslated region. The virion is composed of a monomeric coat protein (CP) unit of 18 kDa, arranged as a right-handed helix around the virus axis. We(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the triple gene block one (TGB 1) of cymbidium mosaic potexvirus (CymMV) was compared to those from other potex-, carla-, furo- and hordeiviruses. Seven conserved motifs in the TGB 1, including the ATP-GTP binding domain (P-Loop) consensus GXXGKTSTS, were found in all four virus genera. We propose that all TGBV can be(More)
The cytoplasmic inclusion (CI) gene of a Singapore isolate of zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV-S) was sequenced and compared with CI of 14 other potyviruses. In addition to the consensus sequence GAVGSGKST of nucleotide binding motif (NTBM) which is implicated as a membrane-binding component of the RNA helicase complex, five other conserved motifs were(More)