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RNA plant viruses use various translational regulatory mechanisms to control their gene expression. Translational enhancement of viral mRNAs that leads to higher levels of protein synthesis from specific genes may be essential for the virus to successfully compete for cellular translational machinery. The control elements have yet to be analyzed for members(More)
Viral nervous necrosis disease (VNN), caused by nervous necrosis virus (NNV), leads to mass mortality in mariculture. However, phenotypic selection for resistance against VNN is very difficult. To facilitate marker-assisted selection (MAS) for resistance against VNN and understanding of the genetic architecture underlying the resistance against this(More)
Hibiscus latent Singapore virus (HLSV) is a rigid rod-shaped plant virus and a new member of the Tobamovirus family. Unlike all other Tobamoviruses, the HLSV genome contains a unique poly(A) tract in its 3' untranslated region. The virion is composed of a monomeric coat protein (CP) unit of 18 kDa, arranged as a right-handed helix around the virus axis. We(More)
Rice stripe virus (RSV) is one of the most serious rice viruses in East Asia. To investigate how rice responds to RSV infection, we integrated miRNA expression with parallel mRNA transcription profiling by deep sequencing. A total of 570 miRNAs were identified of which 69 miRNAs (56 up-regulated and 13 down-regulated) were significantly modified by RSV(More)
Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) from naturally infected Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. loses virulence in its experimental systemic host Hibiscus cannabinus L. (kenaf) after serial passages in a local lesion host Chenopodium quinoa. Here we report the genetic changes responsible for the loss of virulence at the molecular level. A remarkable covariation(More)
Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) coat protein (CP) is required for encapsidation and virus systemic movement. To better understand the roles of HCRSV CP in virus infection and its interactions with host proteins, a cDNA library of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) was constructed and screened by using a yeast two-hybrid system (YTHS) to identify(More)
The coat protein (CP) of certain plant viruses may reassemble into empty virus-like particles (VLPs) and these protein cages may serve as potential drug delivery platforms. In this paper, the production of novel VLPs from the Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) is reported and the capacity to load foreign materials was characterized. VLPs were readily(More)
The 3' untranslated region (UTR) of turnip crinkle virus (TCV) RNA is 253 nt long (nt 3798-4050) with a 27 nt hairpin structure near its 3' terminus. In this study, the roles of the 3' UTR in virus accumulation were investigated in protoplasts of Hibiscus cannabinus L. and Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Our results showed that, in Hibiscus protoplasts,(More)
Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) and virus-encoded gene-silencing suppressors are defence and counterdefence strategies developed by host and pathogens during evolution. Using a green fluorescence protein-based transient suppression system, the coat protein (CP) of Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) was identified as a strong gene-silencing(More)
RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) was solubilized from crude extracts of Hibiscus cannabinus infected by Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV), a member of the Carmoviridae. After treatment of the extracts with micrococcal nuclease to remove the endogenous templates, the full-length genomic RNA and the two subgenomic RNAs were efficiently synthesized(More)