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We measured levels of platelet-derived microparticles (PMP), which have coagulative activity and are produced by platelet activation or physical stimulation, and CD62P/CD63-positive platelets in patients with diabetes mellitus to determine their clinical significance and effects on complications of diabetes including diabetic nephropathy. We also compared(More)
Levels of platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs), platelet activation markers (P-selectin expressed on, or annexin V binding to, platelets (plt:P-selectin or plt:annexin V, respectively)), chemokines (IL-8, monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 (MCP-1), and regulated on activation normally T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES)), and soluble P- and E-selectins(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of endothelial cell-derived microparticles (EDMP), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) and adiponectin in hyperlipidemic patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to compare the two for the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on these markers. METHODS One hundred and twenty-six hyperlipidemic(More)
A 30-year-old Japanese female developed insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). She later complained of muscle pains at the age of 37. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were abnormal, with negative antinuclear antibody and rheumatoid factor tests. The diagnosis of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) was made. She had HLA phenotypes(More)
Platelet-derived microparticles (PDMP) play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vasculopathy, and statins or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) have been shown to have a beneficial effect on atherosclerosis in hyperlipidemic patients. However, the influence of EPA and statins on PDMP and adiponectin in atherosclerosis is poorly understood. We(More)
The effects of treatment with pitavastatin on inflammatory and platelet activation markers and adiponectin in 117 patients with hyperlipidemia were investigated to determine whether pitavastatin may prevent the progression of atherosclerotic changes in hyperlipidemic patients. Adiponectin levels prior to pitavastatin treatment in hyperlipidemic patients(More)
Angiotensin II receptor blockade has been shown to have a beneficial effect on the angiopathies of hypertension and hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, the effect of angiotensin II receptor blockade on monocyte and endothelial cell adhesion markers in type 2 diabetes is poorly understood. We investigated the effects of valsartan on(More)
The effects of statins on platelet activation markers, chemokines and adiponectin, were investigated in 135 patients with hyperlipidemia. Of the 135 hyperlipidemic patients, 63 were allocated to the simvastatin group, treated with simvastatin at the dose of 10 mg daily, and the remaining 72 were allocated to the pitavastatin group, treated with pitavastatin(More)
We evaluated the plasma concentrations of soluble adhesion molecules and platelet-derived microparticles (PMP) in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and studied the effect of cilostazol on PMP generation. There were differences in the levels of soluble adhesion molecules between NIDDM patients (N = 43) and the control subjects (N(More)
Nifedipine, a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, improves endothelial function in patients with hypercholesterolaemia by enhancing nitric oxide (NO) activity, and increases endothelial NO bioavailability by antioxidant mechanisms. We administered a long-acting nifedipine formulation (controlled release (CR) nifedipine: 20 mg/day) to hypertensive patients(More)