Seitaro Ohkuma

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Fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated dextran was introduced preferentially into hepatic lysosomes by intraperitoneal injection into rats. The pH in isolated lysosomes, measured by fluorescein fluorescence, was approximately 5 and gradually increased in KCl (to 7.0) at 25 degrees C. In the presence of Mg2+, ATP caused acidification of lysosomes that was(More)
The aim of this study is to examine how sustained exposure to two 1,4-benzodiazepines (BZDs) with different action period, diazepam and brotizolam, and a 1,5-BZD, clobazam, affects L-type high voltage-gated calcium channel (HVCC) functions and its mechanisms using primary cultures of mouse cerebral cortical neurons. The sustained exposure to these three(More)
We investigated the uptake of imipramine (IMP) in highly purified lysosomes from rat liver and its inhibition by a variety of basic drugs in vitro. The uptake of [(3)H]IMP into lysosomes peaked in less than 20 s, showing little temperature dependency or countertransport phenomena. It was accelerated by increase of extralysosomal pH, stimulated by Mg(2+)-ATP(More)
Our previous investigation demonstrated that repeated administration of morphine significantly enhanced α(2)/δ-1 subunit expression in the frontal cortex and limbic forebrain of mice as well as morphine-induced place preference. However, little is known about regulatory mechanisms of α(2)/δ-1 subunit expression in conditioned place preference by(More)
Although L-type voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels regulate activity-dependent processes including synaptic plasticity and synapse formation, there are few data on the changes of Ca(v)1 channel expression in psychological dependence. This study investigated the role of L-type Ca(v)1 channel expression in the brain of mouse that was psychologically dependent on(More)
We established an in vitro cell-free system with which to evaluate the effects of basic substances and acidic ionophores on the internal pH and integrity of FITC-dextran (FD)-loaded lysosomes isolated from the rat liver. In this system, basic substances and acidic ionophores not only increased the internal pH dose-dependently, but also disrupted the(More)
Developmental patterns of taurine biosynthesizing system were investigated using primary cultured neurons prepared from the neopallium of 15-day-old fetal mice by a trypsin treatment in comparison with those in cerebral cortices obtained from age-matched fetal and neonatal mice. The morphological observations by phase contrast and scanning electron(More)
The paradigm of conditioned place preference has been widely used to demonstrate the rewarding properties of psychomotor stimulants. Such drugs also stimulate locomotor activity. Repeated administration of low doses of psychomotor stimulants causes progressive increases in the locomotor stimulating effect, a phenomenon termed behavioral sensitization. Using(More)
The present study investigated regulation of histone acetylation by L-type voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs), one of the machineries to provide Ca(2+) signals. Acetylation of histone through the phosphorylation of protein kinase Cγ (PKCγ) in the development of methamphetamine (METH)-induced place preference was demonstrated in the limbic forebrain(More)
Membrane ghosts were prepared from purified lysosomes (tritosomes) of rat liver by hypo-osmotic treatment. Mg2+-ATP-driven acidification was observed in the membrane ghosts using acridine orange as a fluorescent probe of the transmembrane pH gradient (delta pH). Its properties were the same as those of intact lysosomes reported previously (Ohkuma, S.,(More)