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The purpose of this study was to report the surgical outcomes after creating a 120° intentional giant retinal tear for use in removing hemorrhage and subretinal proliferative tissue in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) or age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). This study involved 12 eyes of 12 patients (10 eyes: PCV, 2 eyes: ARMD).(More)
Neuroinflammation is involved in the death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after optic nerve injury. The purpose of this study was to determine whether systemic simvastatin can suppress neuroinflammation in the optic nerve and rescue RGCs after the optic nerve is crushed. Simvastatin or its vehicle was given through an osmotic minipump beginning one week(More)
BACKGROUND We report a case of traumatic retinal detachment in an eye with severe corneal opacity that was successfully treated using 23 gauge (G) transconjunctival vitrectomy assisted by endoscope and a wide-angle viewing system. CASE PRESENTATION A 22-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with the suspicion of traumatic retinal detachment(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether inhibition of aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is neuroprotective or neurodestructive after crushing the optic nerve of rats. The left optic nerves of rats were crushed, and TGN-020 (5.0 mg/kg, crush TGN-020) or its vehicle (DMSO, crush placebo) was injected intraperitoneally just after the crushing. As controls, the(More)
AIMS Nitric oxide (NO) is associated with neuroinflammation in the central nervous system. We determined whether NO increases the expression of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) in optic nerve astrocytes of rats. METHODS Isolated astrocytes were incubated under normoxic or hypoxic conditions with or without glucose (5.5 mM). The astrocytes were also exposed to different(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune mechanisms have been postulated as a cause of diabetic retinopathy (DR), as several autoantibodies have reportedly been detected in the serum of DR patients. In this present study, we measured serum and vitreous levels of anti-type II collagen (anti-II-C) antibodies in DR patients and investigated their association with the mechanism(More)
Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) commonly occurs at the arteriovenous crossing in the unilateral eye, and cardiovascular diseases can be risk factors of BRVO. However, the pathomechanism leading to BRVO is not yet clear. In addition to mechanical compression, the vein might locally constrict due to an altered biochemical environment, such as an increase(More)
PURPOSE To report a case series, whereby we encountered a transient increase in retinal cotton wool spots (CWS) following anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy for the treatment of macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). METHODS Eighteen eyes were treated with intravitreal aflibercept (IVA), and 5 were(More)
We report a case of proliferative retinopathy complicated with retinal hamartoma in a tuberous sclerosis patient. This study involved a 16-year-old female patient who was diagnosed as having tuberous sclerosis at birth. Ophthalmic examination revealed retinal hamartoma surrounding the optic disc in both eyes. Vitreous surgery involving a vitrectomy and(More)