Seita Morishita

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The purpose of this study was to report the surgical outcomes after creating a 120° intentional giant retinal tear for use in removing hemorrhage and subretinal proliferative tissue in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) or age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). This study involved 12 eyes of 12 patients (10 eyes: PCV, 2 eyes: ARMD).(More)
Neuroinflammation is involved in the death of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after optic nerve injury. The purpose of this study was to determine whether systemic simvastatin can suppress neuroinflammation in the optic nerve and rescue RGCs after the optic nerve is crushed. Simvastatin or its vehicle was given through an osmotic minipump beginning one week(More)
AIMS Nitric oxide (NO) is associated with neuroinflammation in the central nervous system. We determined whether NO increases the expression of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) in optic nerve astrocytes of rats. METHODS Isolated astrocytes were incubated under normoxic or hypoxic conditions with or without glucose (5.5 mM). The astrocytes were also exposed to different(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the temporal and spatial changes in the expression of AQP4 and AQP9 in the optic nerve after it is crushed. The left optic nerves of rats were either crushed (crushed group) or sham operated (sham group), and they were excised before, and at 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14 days later. Four optic nerves were pooled for each time(More)
BACKGROUND We report a case of traumatic retinal detachment in an eye with severe corneal opacity that was successfully treated using 23 gauge (G) transconjunctival vitrectomy assisted by endoscope and a wide-angle viewing system. CASE PRESENTATION A 22-year-old Japanese man was referred to our hospital with the suspicion of traumatic retinal detachment(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether inhibition of aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is neuroprotective or neurodestructive after crushing the optic nerve of rats. The left optic nerves of rats were crushed, and TGN-020 (5.0 mg/kg, crush TGN-020) or its vehicle (DMSO, crush placebo) was injected intraperitoneally just after the crushing. As controls, the(More)
Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) commonly occurs at the arteriovenous crossing in the unilateral eye, and cardiovascular diseases can be risk factors of BRVO. However, the pathomechanism leading to BRVO is not yet clear. In addition to mechanical compression, the vein might locally constrict due to an altered biochemical environment, such as an increase(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the pathogenesis of idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) from a biochemical perspective, the relationships between ERM and tryptase activity, a serine protease, and the levels of anti-type II collagen (anti-IIC) antibodies in the serum. PATIENTS AND METHODS Vitreous samples for measurement of tryptase activity were obtained from 54(More)
BACKGROUND Autoimmune mechanisms have been postulated as a cause of diabetic retinopathy (DR), as several autoantibodies have reportedly been detected in the serum of DR patients. In this present study, we measured serum and vitreous levels of anti-type II collagen (anti-II-C) antibodies in DR patients and investigated their association with the mechanism(More)
BACKGROUND We report our findings in three cases of unilateral macular edema associated with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) that improved after successful treatment of systemic hypertension alone. METHODS All three cases had systemic hypertension but no diabetes mellitus or other ocular diseases associated with macular edema. All patients were treated only(More)