Seishi Shimakawa

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To determine involvements of the brainstem and/or cerebellum in autism, we compared midsagittal magnetic resonance images of the brains of high functioning autistic children with those of normal controls. We found that the midbrain and medulla oblongata were significantly smaller in these autistic children than in the control children. The pons area did not(More)
PURPOSE Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) has been established as a reliable marker of neuronal damage in various neurologic disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether febrile seizures (FS) cause brain damage, based on the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of NSE. METHODS Fifty-three patients aged from 6 months to 7 years were enrolled.(More)
To evaluate brain dysfunction in autism, proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) was performed for 29 autistic patients (5-15 y.o.) and 19 normal children (6-14 y.o.). We obtained magnetic resonance (MR) spectra of the left and right amygdaloid-hippocampal regions and the left cerebellar hemisphere with a STEAM sequence (TR = 5000 ms, TE = 18 ms).(More)
We report a 21-year-old male patient with dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) showing progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME), who responded to levetiracetam (LEV) at an initial dose of 1,000 mg/day. The patient developed epilepsy at the age of 10 years, and also showed intellectual regression. Various antiepileptic drugs showed no effects on(More)
Purpose: In hospitalized patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID), we analyzed the association of the SMID class to factors such as the prevalence of epilepsy, frequency of seizures and number of concomitantly used anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), and evaluated the usefulness of addition of the new AEDs (gabapentin, topiramate,(More)
Lidocaine was administered intravenously as a substitute for diazepam, to 12 patients with status epilepticus or clustering seizures aged 26 days to 11 years. The medication was very effective in 3 cases with acute convulsions, which disappeared immediately after infusion of lidocaine without relapse. The medication was effective only temporarily in 4(More)
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