Learn More
OBJECTIVES This study aims to address whether D85N, a KCNE1 polymorphism, is a gene variant that causes long QT syndrome (LQTS) phenotype. BACKGROUND KCNE1 encodes the beta-subunit of cardiac voltage-gated K(+) channels and causes LQTS, which is characterized by the prolongation of the QT interval and torsades de pointes, a lethal arrhythmia. D85N, a(More)
BACKGROUND Drugs with I(Kr)-blocking action cause secondary long-QT syndrome. Several cases have been associated with mutations of genes coding cardiac ion channels, but their frequency among patients affected by drug-induced long-QT syndrome (dLQTS) and the resultant molecular effects remain unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Genetic testing was carried out(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) has a significantly higher incidence among the male sex. Among genes coding ion channels and their modulatory proteins, KCNE5 (KCNE1L) is located in the X chromosome and encodes an auxiliary β-subunit for K channels. KCNE5 has been shown to modify the transient outward current (I(to)), which plays a key role in determining(More)
  • Hiromi Kimura, Jun Zhou, +17 authors Minoru Horie
  • 2012
BACKGROUND Mutations of KCNJ2, the gene encoding the human inward rectifier potassium channel Kir2.1, cause Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS), a disease exhibiting ventricular arrhythmia, periodic paralysis, and dysmorphic features. However, some KCNJ2 mutation carriers lack the ATS triad and sometimes share the phenotype of catecholaminergic polymorphic(More)
OBJECTIVES We carried out a complete screening of the SCN5A gene in 38 Japanese patients with Brugada syndrome to investigate the genotype-phenotype relationship. BACKGROUND The gene SCN5A encodes the pore-forming alpha-subunit of voltage-gated cardiac sodium (Na) channel, which plays an important role in heart excitation/contraction. Mutations of SCN5A(More)
INTRODUCTION Beta-blockers are widely used to prevent the lethal cardiac events associated with the long QT syndrome (LQTS), especially in KCNQ1-related LQTS (LQT1) patients. Some LQT1 patients, however, are refractory to this therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighteen symptomatic LQTS patients (12 families) were genetically diagnosed as having heterozygous(More)
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited disease involving mutations in the genes encoding a number of cardiac ion channels and a membrane adaptor protein. Among the genes that are responsible for LQTS, KCNE1 and KCNE2 are members of the KCNE family of genes, and function as ancillary subunits of Kv channels. The third KCNE gene, KCNE3, is expressed in(More)
AIMS We aimed to examine the validity of heart rate (HR) at rest before β-blocker therapy as a risk factor influencing cardiac events (ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes, or syncope) in long QT type 2 (LQT2) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS In 110 genetically confirmed LQT2 patients (45 probands), we examined the significance of variables [HR at(More)
INTRODUCTION Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) offer a unique opportunity for disease modeling. However, it is not invariably successful to recapitulate the disease phenotype because of the immaturity of hiPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs). The purpose of this study was to establish and analyze iPSC-based model of catecholaminergic(More)