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AIMS CACNA1C mutations have been reported to cause LQTS type 8 (LQT8; Timothy syndrome), which exhibits severe phenotypes, although the frequency of patients with LQT8 exhibiting only QT prolongation is unknown. This study aimed to elucidate the frequency of CACNA1C mutations in patients with long QT syndrome (LQTS), except those with Timothy syndrome and(More)
AIMS Ryanodine receptor gene (RYR2) mutations are well known to cause catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). Recently, RYR2 exon 3 deletion has been identified in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and/or CPVT. This study aimed to screen for the RYR2 exon 3 deletion in CPVT probands, characterize its clinical pathology, and(More)
Unexplained cardiac arrest (UCA) with documented ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a major cause of sudden cardiac death. Abnormal sympathetic innervations have been shown to be a trigger of ventricular fibrillation. Further, adequate expression of SEMA3A was reported to be critical for normal patterning of cardiac sympathetic innervation. We investigated(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to clarify myocardial involvement and its clinical implications in subjects with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA), a neuromuscular disease affecting both neuronal and nonneuronal tissues. METHODS Two independent cardiologists evaluated ECGs from a total of 144 consecutive subjects with SBMA. We performed(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic background of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) has been extensively investigated for the last decade in Western countries, but it remains unstudied in the Asian population. METHODS AND RESULTS In 50 Japanese probands from unrelated families who satisfied clinical criteria for CPVT, genetic testing was(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the coding sequence of SCN5A, which encodes the cardiac Na(+) channel α subunit, have been associated with inherited susceptibility to various arrhythmias. Variable expression of SCN5A is a possible mechanism responsible for this pleiotropic effect; however, it is unknown whether variants in the promoter and regulatory regions of(More)
INTRODUCTION Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) offer a unique opportunity for disease modeling. However, it is not invariably successful to recapitulate the disease phenotype because of the immaturity of hiPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs). The purpose of this study was to establish and analyze iPSC-based model of catecholaminergic(More)
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is one of the causes of sudden cardiac death in young people and results from RYR2 mutations in ~60% of CPVT patients. The inheritance of the RYR2 mutations follows an autosomal dominant trait, however, de novo mutations are often identified during familial analysis. In 36 symptomatic CPVT(More)
BACKGROUND Phenotypes often differ even within family members carrying the same SCN5A mutation. We aimed to evaluate the genetic modifiers in a family with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and sick sinus syndrome (SSS) with an SCN5A mutation that causes the truncated alpha-subunit of cardiac Na channel protein. METHODS To detect the genetic modifiers, we performed(More)