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The aim of this study was to describe the 20-year changes in body mass index (BMI; kgm(-2)) and the prevalence of overweight in Japanese adults. Cross-sectional annual nationwide surveys (National Nutrition Survey, Japan) were carried out with a large probability sample of the Japanese population. Data sets of the 1976-95 surveys, comprising 91983 men and(More)
We successfully detected dengue virus (DENV) genome in urine and saliva but not in plasma samples from a Japanese dengue fever patient. The results of the present study suggest that detection of DENV genome in urine and saliva can be an effective diagnostic method, particularly for children with viral hemorrhage.
AIMS Fatigue is a common symptom in modern society. In order to clarify the mechanisms underlying fatigue, we examined the association between central nervous system fatigue and autonomic nerve activity. MAIN METHODS The study group consisted of 20 healthy subjects. They performed the 2-back test for 30 min to induce fatigue. Just before and after the(More)
Fatigue is an indispensable bioalarm to avoid exhaustive state caused by overwork or stresses. It is necessary to elucidate the neural mechanism of fatigue sensation for managing fatigue properly. We performed H(2) ( 15)O positron emission tomography scans to indicate neural activations while subjects were performing 35-min fatigue-inducing task trials(More)
OBJECTIVES In this study, we try to estimate the fatigue state using actigraphy and R-R interval power spectrum analysis. RESULTS Actigraphy analysis showed that mean awake activity was decreased and duration of sleep was prolonged in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), significantly (p < 0.001). Both of sleep episodes in wake period and wake(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous associations between brain-reactive antibodies and neurological or psychiatric symptoms have been proposed. Serum autoantibody against the muscarinic cholinergic receptor (mAChR) was increased in some patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or psychiatric disease. We examined whether serum autoantibody against mAChR affected the(More)
BACKGROUND Using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), we examined personality characteristics in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) compared with healthy control subjects, and CFS patients with and without psychiatric diseases. There have been no previous reports assessing personality in CFS patients using the TCI. METHODS A total of(More)
OBJECTIVES Motivation is one of the most important psychological concepts in education and is related to academic outcomes in medical students. In this study, the relationships between personality traits and intrinsic academic motivation were examined in medical students. METHODS The study group consisted of 119 Year 2 medical students at Osaka City(More)
OBJECTIVE In the present study, we assessed the associations among fatigue, quality of life (QOL), clinical parameters, and body mass index (BMI) with autonomic function in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis as well as fatigue-free healthy subjects. DESIGN AND METHODS This was a case-control study. This study compared(More)
AIMS Chronic fatigue syndrome patients often have comorbid psychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorders and anxiety disorders. However, the outcomes of chronic fatigue syndrome and the comorbid psychiatric disorders and the interactions between them are unknown. Therefore, a two-year prospective follow-up study was carried out on chronic fatigue(More)