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Shimizu et al. and ourselves have reported some enzymatic properties of an alpha-amylase from Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 that hydrolyzed pullulan to produce panose [M. Shimizu et al., Agric. Biol. Chem., 42, 1681-1688 (1978); Y. Sakano et al., Agric. Biol. Chem., 46, 1121-1129 (1982)]. In this study, we cloned a gene for an alpha-amylase, which was(More)
Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 produces two alpha-amylases, TVA I, an extracellular enzyme, and TVA II, an intracellular enzyme. Both enzymes hydrolyze pullulan to produce panose, and also hydrolyze cyclodextrins. We cloned and sequenced the TVA I gene. The TVA I gene consisted of 1833 base pairs, and the deduced primary structure was composed of 611(More)
To further define the molecular mechanisms involved in processing interstrand crosslinks, we monitored the formation of phosphorylated histone H2AX (gamma-H2AX), which is generated in chromatin near double strand break sites, following DNA damage in normal and repair-deficient human cells. Following treatment with a psoralen derivative and ultraviolet A(More)
In this study we now show that deposition of the mesenchymal matrix marker, tenascin-C (TN-C), is mediated through beta3 expression and activation of Src. There was a striking upregulation of TN-C matrix organization in cell lines expressing beta3 and activated Src when compared to cell lines with neither of these attributes. When beta3 function was(More)
DNA interstrand crosslinks are processed by multiple mechanisms whose relationships to each other are unclear. Xeroderma pigmentosum-variant (XP-V) cells lacking DNA polymerase eta are sensitive to psoralen photoadducts created under conditions favoring crosslink formation, suggesting a role for translesion synthesis in crosslink repair. Because crosslinks(More)
The expression of the integrin alpha(v)beta6 has been correlated with oral SCC invasion. We evaluated its expression in three 4NQO transformed murine oral keratinocyte cell lines (B7E3, B7E11 and B4B8). The B7E3 cells were negative for beta6, whereas the B7E11 and the B4B8 cells were both positive. The beta6 negative B7E3 cells were fibroblast-like in(More)
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