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Human low back pain sometimes originates from lumbar facet joints. In human lumbar facet joint inflammation or degeneration, the referred pain is not only expanded into the low back area but also into the leg or foot. The rat L5-L6 facet joint is innervated by the L1-L5 dorsal root ganglia. The presence of brain-derived neurotrophic factor-immunoreactive(More)
STUDY DESIGN Acute noxious stimulation delivered to lumbar muscles and skin of rats was used to study Fos expression patterns in the brain and spinal cord. OBJECTIVES The present study was conducted to determine the differences in Fos expression in the brain and spinal cord as evoked by stimuli delivered to lumbar muscles and skin in rats. SUMMARY OF(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the current study was to evaluate changes in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha ) and TNF-alpha receptor 1 (p55 receptor) using double fluorescent immunohistochemistry in glial and neural cells in the dorsal root ganglion and spinal cord after sciatic nerve injury in mice. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: TNF-alpha is a primary(More)
STUDY DESIGN Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons that have dichotomizing axons to the lumbar facet joint and to the sciatic nerve were investigated in rats using a double fluorescent labeling technique. OBJECTIVES To clarify the existence of DRG neurons with dichotomizing axons projecting to the lumbar facet joint and to the sciatic nerve in rats. (More)
Previously, it was believed that the lumbar intervertebral disc was innervated segmentally by dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons via the sinuvertebral nerves. Recently, it was demonstrated using retrograde tracing methods that the lower disc (L5-L6) is innervated predominantly by upper (L1 and L2) DRG neurons via the sympathetic trunks. Furthermore, we(More)
Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons with dichotomizing axons have been reported in several species and are thought to be related to referred pain. However, these neurons, which have dichotomizing axons to the lumbar muscles and to the knee, have not been investigated. Clinically, pain from the lumbar muscles is sometimes referred to the lower extremities.(More)
We investigated some neurochemical changes that take place in the spinal cord dorsal horn in a mouse model of neuropathic cancer pain. The model was produced by inoculation of Meth-A sarcoma cells to the vicinity of the sciatic nerve, which resulted in growth of a tumor mass embedding the nerve. Hind paw-lifting, a behavioral sign of spontaneous pain, was(More)
The rat L5/6 facet joint, from which low back pain can originate, is multisegmentally innervated from the L1 to L5 dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Sensory fibers from the L1 and L2 DRG are reported to non-segmentally innervate the paravertebral sympathetic trunks, while those from the L3 to L5 DRGs segmentally innervate the L5/6 facet joint. Tumor necrosis(More)
The rat L5/6 facet joint is multisegmentally innervated from the L1 to L6 dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a known mediator of inflammation. It has been reported that satellite cells are activated, produce TNF and surround DRG neurons innervating L5/6 facet joints after facet injury. In the current study, changes in TNF receptor(More)
STUDY DESIGN Immunohistological analysis of spinal glial cells and analysis of pain behavior in the rat neuropathic pain model were investigated to clarify the function of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α receptors p55 type 1 and p75 type 2. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to investigate changes in hyperalgesia and glial cell activation after injection of(More)