Seiji Niitaka

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The superconducting state is characterized by a pairing of electrons with a superconducting gap on the Fermi surface. In iron-based superconductors, an unconventional pairing state has been argued for theoretically. We used scanning tunneling microscopy on Fe(Se,Te) single crystals to image the quasi-particle scattering interference patterns in the(More)
We visualized lithium atom columns in LiV₂O₄ crystals by combining scanning transmission electron microscopy with annular bright field (ABF) imaging using a spherical aberration-corrected electron microscope (R005) viewed from the [110] direction. The incident electron beam was coherent with a convergent angle of 30 mrad (semi-angle), and the detector(More)
Conventional superconductivity follows Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer(BCS) theory of electrons-pairing in momentum-space, while superfluidity is the Bose-Einstein condensation(BEC) of atoms paired in real-space. These properties of solid metals and ultra-cold gases, respectively, are connected by the BCS-BEC crossover. Here we investigate the band dispersions in(More)
We have synthesized a new spinel oxide LiRh2O4 with a mixed-valent configuration of Rh3+ and Rh4+. At room temperature, it is a paramagnetic metal, but on cooling, a metal-insulator transition occurs and a valence bond solid state is formed below 170 K. We argue that the formation of valence bond solid is promoted by a band Jahn-Teller transition at 230 K(More)
Optical reflectivity measurements were performed on a single crystal of the d-electron heavy-fermion (HF) metal LiV2O4. Our results evidence the highly incoherent charge dynamics above T* approximately 20 K and the redistribution of the spectral weight of the optical conductivity over broad energy scales ( approximately 5 eV) as the quantum coherence of the(More)
We study the superconducting-gap anisotropy of the Γ-centered hole Fermi surface in optimally doped FeTe(0.6)Se(0.4) (T(c)=14.5 K), using laser-excited angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. We observe sharp superconducting (SC) coherence peaks at T=2.5 K. In contrast to earlier angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy studies but consistent with(More)
Neutron diffraction experiments are reported on Ca(3)CoRhO(6) which consists of ferromagnetic Ising spin chains on a triangular lattice. It was first confirmed from temperature dependence of the (110) peak intensity that Ca(3)CoRhO(6) realizes a partially disordered antiferromagnetic state, where 2/3 of the ferromagnetic chains order antiferromagnetically(More)
Spin fluctuations were studied over a wide momentum (ℏQ) and energy (E) space in the frustrated d-electron heavy-fermion metal LiV_{2}O_{4} by time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering. We observed the overall Q-E evolutions near the characteristic Q=0.6  Å^{-1}  peak and found another weak broad magnetic peak around 2.4  Å^{-1}. The data are described by(More)
We conduct a detailed structural analysis of the S=1 pyrochlore antiferromagnet MgV2O4, which exhibits an antiferromagnetic ordering marginally at TN=40  K, triggered by a structural transition from cubic to tetragonal symmetry at TS=62  K, using high resolution synchrotron x-ray diffraction and convergent beam electron diffraction. We reveal that the(More)
The pronounced enhancement of the effective mass is the primary phenomenon associated with strongly correlated electrons. In the presence of local moments, the large effective mass is thought to arise from Kondo coupling, the interaction between itinerant and localized electrons. However, in d electron systems, the origin is not clear because of the(More)