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Neutral amino acid (NAA) transport across the blood-brain barrier was examined in pentobarbital-anesthetized rats with an in situ brain perfusion technique. Fourteen of 16 plasma NAAs showed measurable affinity for the cerebrovascular NAA transport system. Values of the transport constants (Vmax, Km, KD) were determined for seven large NAAs from saturation(More)
Melphalan has been reported to be actively transported into tumor cells by two amino acid carrier systems. As amino acids are transported across cerebral capillaries by a facilitated mechanism, studies were undertaken to assess whether or not melphalan was transported similarly, and additionally to determine melphalan's plasma and brain pharmacokinetics.(More)
In most parts of the adult mammalian central nervous system cell division is a relatively rare event, which makes it difficult to study at the ultrastructural level. We designed a protocol for reliable ultrastructural identification of proliferating cells in a tissue volume using DNA-incorporated 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) as a marker. After BrdU(More)
Unidirectional blood-brain barrier transfer of the lipophilic anticancer agents vincristine and vinblastine was studied in anesthetized rats, using an isolated, in situ brain perfusion technique. Drug binding to plasma constituents was also measured. Despite the high lipophilicity of these agents (the log octanol/physiological saline partition coefficient(More)
Unidirectional L-phenylalanine transport into six brain regions of pentobarbital-anesthetized rats was studied using the in situ brain perfusion technique. This technique allows both accurate measurements of cerebrovascular amino acid transport and complete control of perfusate amino acid composition. L-Phenylalanine influx into the brain was sodium(More)
The concentration dependence of regional isoleucine transport across the blood-brain barrier was determined in anesthetized rats with the in situ brain perfusion technique of Takasato et al. [Am. J. Physiol. 247, H484-493 (1984)]. This technique allows, for the first time, accurate measurements of cerebrovascular amino acid transport in the absence of(More)
Our view of the central nervous system has changed dramatically over the past few years. It is now well established that new neurons are generated continuously in adult mammals, including humans. These neurons derive from self-renewing multipotent neural stem cells. The identify of these stem cells has recently been unveiled.
We describe a patient with 50 per cent, third degree flame burns who had a history of paint thinner inhalation for over 10 years. Moreover, chlorpromazine had been administered for the treatment of insomnia caused by chronic thinner intoxication. He developed oliguric acute renal failure soon after the burn injury, although adequate resuscitation therapy(More)
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