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Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most important chronic kidney disease. We previously reported that Smad1 transcriptionally regulates the expression of extracellular matrix in DN. Phenotypic change in mesangial cells (MCs) is a key pathologic event in the progression of DN. The aim of this study is to investigate a novel mechanism underlying chondrogenic(More)
A 50-year-old man who underwent hemodialysis (HD) at local outpatient HD center due to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was transferred to our hospital because of pneumonia. He had severe emaciation and past history of congestive heart failure. Presenting symptoms almost consistently involved difficulty in hearing and recurrent attacks of migraine-like(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause of chronic kidney disease. We have previously reported that Smad1 transcriptionally regulates the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in DN. However, little is known about the regulatory mechanisms that induce and activate Smad1. Here, bone morphogenetic protein 4 (Bmp4) was found to(More)
BACKGROUND Gas6 is a growth factor that causes proliferation of mesangial cells in the development of glomerulonephritis. Gas6 can bind to three kinds of receptors; Axl, Dtk, and Mer. However, their expression and functions are not entirely clear in the different glomerular cell types. Meanwhile, representative cell cycle regulatory protein p27 has been(More)
Renal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare clinical entity that has been reported after renal biopsy, percutaneous renal surgery, penetrating trauma, and rarely blunt renal trauma. We present the case of a 37-year-old man with ruptured renal artery pseudoaneurysm accompanied by massive gross hematuria, urinary clot retention, and bladder tamponade, which were(More)
Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is one of the important proteins inhibiting vascular calcification (VC). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in the promoter and coding regions of the MGP gene affect the transcriptional activity. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the SNPs and progression of VC in patients undergoing maintenance(More)
Activation of mesangial cells (MCs), which is characterized by induction of smooth muscle α-actin (SMA) expression, contributes to a key event in various renal diseases; however, the mechanisms controlling MC differentiation are still largely undefined. Activated Smad1 induced SMA in a dose-dependent manner in MCs. As a direct regulating molecule for SMA,(More)
Smad1 has previously been shown to play a key role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN), by increasing synthesis of extracellular matrix. However, the regulatory mechanism of Smad1 in DN is still unclear. This study aims to elucidate molecular interactions between activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK1)/Smad1 signaling pathway and transcription(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. It is pathologically characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix in the mesangium, of which the main component is α1/α2 type IV collagen (Col4a1/a2). Recently, we identified Smad1 as a direct regulator of Col4a1/a2 under diabetic conditions in vitro. Here, we demonstrate(More)
The prevalence of postinfectious glomerulonephritis has decreased in most developed countries. We report the case of a previously healthy, immunocompetent 65-year-old woman who developed acute glomerulonephritis associated with human parvovirus B19 infection. She was referred by her primary care physician for suspected congestive heart failure but she had(More)