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BACKGROUND Paclitaxel and carboplatin given every 3 weeks is standard treatment for advanced ovarian carcinoma. Attempts to improve patient survival by including other drugs have yielded disappointing results. We compared a conventional regimen of paclitaxel and carboplatin with a dose-dense weekly regimen in women with advanced ovarian cancer. METHODS(More)
Sensitivity to platinum-containing drugs is believed to be a function of how much drug enters the cell, the extent of DNA adduct formation and the rate at which DNA is repaired. Activation of protein kinase C by 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) was found to enhance the sensitivity of human ovarian carcinoma 2008 cells to cisplatin (DDP),(More)
Down-regulation of protein kinase C (PKC) by 12-Otetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) enhances the sensitivity of human ovarian carcinoma 2008 cells to various types of platinum compounds such as cisplatin (DDP), carboplatin and (-)-(R)-2-aminomethylpyrrolidine (1,1-cyclobutanedicarboxylato)-platinum(II) monohydrate (DWA) by a factor of two- to threefold.(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to find key molecules associated with chemoresistance in ovarian cancer using gene expression profiling as a screening tool. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Using two newly established paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines from an original paclitaxel-sensitive cell line and four supersensitive and four refractory surgical ovarian cancer(More)
BACKGROUND The primary analysis of the JGOG 3016 trial showed that a dose-dense paclitaxel and carboplatin regimen significantly improves progression-free and overall survival compared with the conventional regimen as first-line chemotherapy for patients with epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer. We report the long-term follow-up(More)
In the screening for cisplatin (CDDP)-resistance related genes by a mRNA differential display method, we detected some increased bands in CDDP resistant ovarian tumor cell line 2008/C13*5.25. One of them, named DD9, was a positive fragment on Northern blot analysis. We cloned it as a full length cDNA by 5'RACE and found a novel gene, CRR9 (Cisplatin(More)
Dipyridamole synergistically enhances the sensitivity of human ovarian carcinoma cells to etoposide in vitro. We conducted a phase I trial to investigate the feasibility of using dipyridamole to selectively increase the sensitivity to etoposide of tumors confined to the peritoneal cavity. Etoposide and dipyridamole were administered as a continuous 72-hour(More)
The effect of expression of the c-Ha-ras oncogene on cisplatin (DDP) sensitivity was examined in murine NIH 3T3 cells transfected with the dexamethasone (DEX)-inducible mouse mammary tumor virus promoter linked to an activated c-Ha-ras gene [LTR H-ras(A) cells]. Treatment of these cells with 5 microM DEX for 24 h induced c-Ha-ras expression and produced an(More)
The PTEN/MMAC1/TEP1 tumor-suppressor gene, which maps to chromosome 10q23.3, is mutated and homozygously deleted in a variety of human tumors, including endometrioid-type ovarian tumors. We examined 33 primary ovarian cancers and 3 ovarian borderline tumors for allelic imbalance (AI) of the 10q23.3 region using 5 polymorphic markers, including an(More)
Apart from typical yolk sac tumors, ovarian tumors with elevated alfa-fetoprotein (AFP) are uncommon and the differential diagnosis needs to consider the hepatoid pattern of a yolk sac tumor, hepatocellular carcinoma metastatic to the ovary, hepatoid carcinoma, and other epithelial ovarian tumors. We report here an AFP-producing ovarian tumor with uncertain(More)