Seiichiroh Ohsako

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To assess the health risks associated with exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodebenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), we studied the effects of a relatively low dose of TCDD on the male reproductive system of rats, using the experimental protocol of T. A. Mably et al. (1992, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 114, 97-107, 108-117, 118-126), and searched for the most sensitive and(More)
There are large inter- and intraspecies differences in susceptibility to dioxin-induced toxicities. A critical question in risk assessment of dioxin and related compounds is whether humans are sensitive or resistant to their toxicities. The diverse responses of mammals to dioxin are strongly influenced by functional polymorphisms of the arylhydrocarbon(More)
Bisphenol-A Affects Spermatogenesis in the Adult Rat Even at a Low Dose: Motoharu SAKAUE, et al. Environmental Health Sciences Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies—Bisphenol-A (BPA), a xenobiotic estrogenic compound widely used as a plastics monomer, has been suspected to have a so-called low dose effect on the reproduct ive system when(More)
In the prespermatogenesis period, male germ cells (gonocytes) begin to reproliferate and move to the basement membrane of the seminiferous tubule. Although these two events-reproliferation and relocation-are important for establishment of spermatogenesis, they have not been greatly analyzed both in a mechanical and in an endocrine or paracrine aspect. In(More)
Exposure to a relatively low dose of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodebenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) during mid-gestation induces a reduction of ventral prostate weight in rat offspring. Recently we reported that a single administration of TCDD (12.5-800 ng/kg body weight) to pregnant Holtzman rats on gestational day (GD) 15 caused a decrease in androgen receptor (AR) mRNA(More)
Exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) during pregnancy causes fetal death in many animal species. In an earlier study we observed alteration of placental glucose kinetics at the same TCDD exposure level that resulted in fetal death (Ishimura et al., Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 178, 161-171, 2002). In the present study, in order to identify(More)
3,3',4,4',5-Pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB126), a congener with a planar configuration, has been established to have relatively strong toxicities similar to those of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) via aryl hydrocarbon receptors. We investigated the effects of this coplanar PCB on mammalian early spermatogenesis and steroidogenesis in a mouse neonatal(More)
The effect of vinclozolin (VCZ), used as a fungicide and known to have anti-androgenic effects on spermatogenesis and gene expression in the male rat testis was investigated. In Experiment 1, VCZ (100 mg/kg/day) or flutamide (FM, 25 mg/kg/day) was orally administered to male Holzman rats for six days. 8 days after the last administration (D8), a drastic(More)
In an effort to uncover the gonadal impairment by the antiandrogen flutamide (FM) in males, the effect of subacute administration of FM on the expression of tight junction (TJ) genes that build the blood-testis barrier (BTB) was investigated in adult rat testis. At 13 weeks old of age male rats were given vehicle (corn oil) or FM (25 mg/kg per day, in corn(More)
To obtain detailed information about the histological changes occurring in the mouse nipple during the reproductive cycle, we examined and quantified the S-phase of cell by immunohistochemical staining with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), and analysed histologically the subepithelial fibrous elements. The nipple markedly increased in size dramatically on days(More)