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We demonstrated the presence of two adeno-associated viruses (AAVs), designated AAV10 and AAV11, in cynomolgus monkeys by isolating and sequencing the entire viral coding regions from the monkey DNA. AAV10 and AAV11 capsid proteins shared 84% and 65%, respectively, of amino acids with AAV2. A phylogenetic analysis of AAV capsid proteins showed that AAV10(More)
In gene therapy trials, adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are injected directly into target tissues such as muscle and liver. Direct injection can lead to the introduction of a low level of the vector into blood circulation. To determine the systemic effects of the vector released in the blood, we extensively examined the biodistribution of intravenously(More)
High prevalence of infection with high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) ranging from 25 to 100% (average 31%) was observed in breast cancer (BC) patients in Singapore using novel DNA chip technology. Early stage of BC demonstrated higher HPV positivity, and BC positive for estrogen receptor (ER) showed significantly higher HPV infection rate. This unique(More)
Transcription, replication, and segregation of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are regulated by various host factors, but our understanding of host proteins that bind to the HPV genome is limited. Here we report the results of a search of cellular proteins that can associate with specific genomic regions of HPV type 16 (HPV16). We found that human nucleolin,(More)
Co-infection of multiple genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) is commonly observed among women with abnormal cervical cytology, but how different HPVs interact with each other in the same cell is not clearly understood. A previous study using cultured keratinocytes revealed that genome replication of one HPV type is inhibited by co-existence of the(More)
HPV16 late gene transcription from P670 is suppressed in undifferentiated keratinocytes. To identify DNA sites involved in the negative regulation, we examined the effect of a series of substitutions in the P670 promoter region (nucleotide (nt) 106–855) on the transcription, using an expression plasmid having the promoter fragment placed to drive the(More)
Genotyping human papillomavirus (HPV) in clinical specimens is important because each HPV type has different oncogenic potential. Amplification of HPV DNA by PCR with the consensus primers that are derived from the consensus sequences of the L1 gene has been used widely for the genotyping. As recent studies have shown that the cervical specimens often(More)
Rabbit anti-HPV16 L2 serum (anti-P56/75) neutralizes multiple oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPVs). We inoculated HeLa cells with HPV16 pseudovirus (16PV) and with anti-P56/75-bound 16PV (16PV-Ab). Both 16PV and 16PV-Ab attached equally well to the cell surface. However, the cell-attached L1 protein of 16PV became trypsin-resistant after incubation at(More)
Viral genetic diversity within infected cells or tissues, called viral quasispecies, has been mostly studied for RNA viruses, but has also been described among DNA viruses, including human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) present in cervical precancerous lesions. However, the extent of HPV genetic variation in cervical specimens, and its involvement in(More)
We report the prevalence and genotype distribution of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) among Japanese women with abnormal cervical cytology using the PGMY-CHUV assay, one of PGMY-PCR-based lineblot assays that was validated and shown to be suitable for the detection of multiple HPV types in a specimen with minimum bias. Total DNA was extracted from cervical(More)