Seiichi P. T. Matsuda

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The mechanisms by which plants regulate levels of the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are complex and not fully understood. One level of regulation appears to be the synthesis and hydrolysis of IAA conjugates, which function in both the permanent inactivation and temporary storage of auxin. Similar to free IAA, certain IAA-amino acid conjugates(More)
The saponins of the model legume Medicago truncatula are glycosides of at least five different triterpene aglycones: soyasapogenol B, soyasapogenol E, medicagenic acid, hederagenin and bayogenin. These aglycones are most likely derived from beta-amyrin, a product of the cyclization of 2,3-oxidosqualene. Mining M. truncatula EST data sets led to the(More)
Plants produce a wealth of terpenoids, many of which have been the tools of healers and chiefs for millennia. Recent research has led to the identification and characterization of many genes that are responsible for the biosynthesis of triterpenoids. Cyclases that generate sterol precursors can be recognized with some confidence on the basis of sequence;(More)
Squalene epoxidase converts squalene into oxidosqualene, the precursor of all known angiosperm cyclic triterpenoids, which include membrane sterols, brassinosteroid phytohormones, and non-steroidal triterpenoids. In this work, we have identified six putative Arabidopsis squalene epoxidase (SQE) enzymes and used heterologous expression in yeast to(More)
[reaction: see text] Presented here is a metabolically engineered yeast strain that produces sesquiterpenes. Epi-cedrol synthase expressed in a native yeast strain converted endogenous farnesyl pyrophosphate to 90 microg/L epi-cedrol. This system was genetically modified to increase foreign terpene yields to 370 microg/L. The best yields were obtained by(More)
Sterol synthesis by the mevalonate pathway is modulated, in part, through feedback-regulated degradation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR). In mammals, both a non-sterol isoprenoid signal derived from farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) and a sterol-derived signal appear to act together to positively regulate the rate of HMGR degradation. Although(More)
The Arabidopsis chy1 mutant is resistant to indole-3butyric acid, a naturally occurring form of the plant hormone auxin. Because the mutant also has defects in peroxisomal -oxidation, this resistance presumably results from a reduced conversion of indole-3-butyric acid to indole-3-acetic acid. We have cloned CHY1, which appears to encode a peroxisomal(More)
A 2274 bp Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA was isolated that encodes a protein 57% identical to cycloartenol synthase from the same organism. The expressed recombinant protein encodes lupeol synthase, which converts oxidosqualene to the triterpene lupeol as the major product. Lupeol synthase is a multifunctional enzyme that forms other triterpene alcohols,(More)
The genome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana encodes 13 oxidosqualene cyclases, 9 of which have been characterized by heterologous expression in yeast. Here we describe another cyclase, baruol synthase (BARS1), which makes baruol (90%) and 22 minor products (0.02-3% each). This represents as many triterpenes as have been reported for all other(More)
Whereas vertebrates and fungi synthesize sterols from epoxysqualene through the intermediate lanosterol, plants cyclize epoxysqualene to cycloartenol as the initial sterol. We report the cloning and characterization of CAS1, an Arabidopsis thaliana gene encoding cycloartenol synthase [(S)-2,3-epoxysqualene mutase (cyclizing, cycloartenol forming), EC(More)