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The mechanisms by which plants regulate levels of the phytohormone indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) are complex and not fully understood. One level of regulation appears to be the synthesis and hydrolysis of IAA conjugates, which function in both the permanent inactivation and temporary storage of auxin. Similar to free IAA, certain IAA-amino acid conjugates(More)
We observe a natural generalisation of the ate and twisted ate pairings, which allow for performance improvements in non standard applications of pairings to cryptography like composite group orders. We also give a performance comparison of our pairings and the Tate, ate and twisted ate pairings for certain polynomial families based on operation count(More)
This paper shows the great potential of lightweight cryptography in fast and timing-attack resistant software implementations in cloud computing by exploiting bitslice implementation. This is demonstrated by bitslice implementations of the PRESENT and Piccolo lightweight block ciphers. In particular, bitsliced PRESENT-80/128 achieves 4.73 cycles/byte and(More)
The Arabidopsis chy1 mutant is resistant to indole-3-butyric acid, a naturally occurring form of the plant hormone auxin. Because the mutant also has defects in peroxisomal ␤-oxidation, this resistance presumably results from a reduced conversion of indole-3-butyric acid to indole-3-acetic acid. We have cloned CHY1, which appears to encode a peroxisomal(More)
Most quantum mechanical studies of triterpene synthesis have been done on small models. We calculated mPW1PW91/6-311+G(2d,p)//B3LYP/6-31G* energies for many C30H51O+ intermediates to establish the first comprehensive energy profiles for the cationic cyclization of oxidosqualene to lanosterol, lupeol, and hopen-3beta-ol. Differences among these 3 profiles(More)
Yeast produce traces of aberrant sterols by minor alternative pathways, which can become significant when normal metabolism is blocked by inhibitors or mutations. We studied sterols generated in the absence of the delta(8)-delta(7) isomerase (Erg2p) or delta(5) desaturase (Erg3p) by incubating three mutant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with 5(More)
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