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UNLABELLED Morphologic and functional imaging studies have not always given concordant results about brain areas showing atrophic changes and reduced flow or metabolism in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to determine the initial abnormality and the longitudinal changes in both morphologic and functional measurements for the same(More)
UNLABELLED The limited spatial resolution of SPECT scanners does not allow an exact measurement of the local radiotracer concentration in brain tissue because partial-volume effects (PVEs) underestimate concentration in small structures of the brain. The aim of this study was to determine which brain structures show greater influence of PVEs in SPECT(More)
We assessed the accuracy of brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in discriminating between patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) at the very early stage and age-matched controls before and after partial volume correction (PVC). Three-dimensional MRI was used for PVC. We randomly divided the subjects into two groups.(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of restless leg syndrome (RLS) in elderly Japanese people by means of a population-based survey of subjects aged > or = 65 years. BACKGROUND Studies conducted worldwide have revealed large variations in the prevalence of RLS among different populations. However, few studies have been done in Japan. METHODS A(More)
The aim of this study was to determine which brain structures show the greatest influence of partial volume effects (PVE) in single-photon emission tomography (SPET) studies on Alzheimer's disease (AD). Brain perfusion SPET was performed in 30 patients with probable AD and 62 age-matched healthy volunteers. SPET images were corrected for PVE using grey(More)
UNLABELLED In Alzheimer's disease (AD), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the posterior cingulate gyri and precunei has been reported to decrease even at a very early stage. It may be helpful to use statistical image analysis to distinguish slight decreases in rCBF in this area. We compared a 3-dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To determine the association of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype and longitudinal changes of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous reports have yielded conflicting results concerning this association. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was performed. rCBF was noninvasively measured using(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between antisocial behaviors and reduction of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). METHODS Brain perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was performed in 22 patients with FTD and 76 age-matched healthy volunteers. The statistical analysis was(More)
UNLABELLED To investigate the association between delusions and cerebral functional deficits in Alzheimer's disease (AD), we evaluated probable AD patients with and without delusions. METHODS Functional brain imaging was performed by single photon emission computed tomography with technetium-99m-labeled ethyl cysteinate dimer (99mTc-ECD) in 64 AD patients(More)
BACKGROUND This multicentre open-label trial examined the efficacy and safety of the traditional Japanese medicine, or Kampo medicine, yokukansan (YKS), for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies. METHODS Sixty-three dementia with Lewy bodies patients with probable BPSD (M:W, 30:33; mean age,(More)