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UNLABELLED The aim of this SPECT study was to determine the initial abnormality and longitudinal changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in early Alzheimer's disease (AD) using statistical parametric mapping (SPM). METHODS rCBF was noninvasively measured using (99m)Tc-ethyl cysteinate dimer SPECT in 32 patients complaining of mild cognitive(More)
UNLABELLED The limited spatial resolution of SPECT scanners does not allow an exact measurement of the local radiotracer concentration in brain tissue because partial-volume effects (PVEs) underestimate concentration in small structures of the brain. The aim of this study was to determine which brain structures show greater influence of PVEs in SPECT(More)
UNLABELLED Morphologic and functional imaging studies have not always given concordant results about brain areas showing atrophic changes and reduced flow or metabolism in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The aim of this study was to determine the initial abnormality and the longitudinal changes in both morphologic and functional measurements for the same(More)
UNLABELLED In Alzheimer's disease (AD), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in the posterior cingulate gyri and precunei has been reported to decrease even at a very early stage. It may be helpful to use statistical image analysis to distinguish slight decreases in rCBF in this area. We compared a 3-dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP)(More)
The existence of circadian variations of apomorphine-induced stereotypy was determined. Male Wistar rats, standardized to a light-dark cycle (lights on from 7:00--19:00) for three weeks, were injected with apomorphine hydrochloride (1 mg/kg or 3 mg/kg) at one of six times (9:00, 13:00, 17:00, 21:00, 1:00 and 5:00). A significant time-of-day effect was found(More)
The aim of this study was to determine which brain structures show the greatest influence of partial volume effects (PVE) in single-photon emission tomography (SPET) studies on Alzheimer's disease (AD). Brain perfusion SPET was performed in 30 patients with probable AD and 62 age-matched healthy volunteers. SPET images were corrected for PVE using grey(More)
To clarify the effects of normal aging on the cerebral blood flow, regional cerebral blood flow measurements++ using a Patlak Plot method of 99mTc-ECD were performed in 53 normal volunteers aged 18 to 87 years old (mean = 47.9 years). The subjects, 29 men and 24 women, were normal on clinical examination, and had neither a history of neurological nor(More)
We assessed the accuracy of brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in discriminating between patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) at the very early stage and age-matched controls before and after partial volume correction (PVC). Three-dimensional MRI was used for PVC. We randomly divided the subjects into two groups.(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this SPECT study was to investigate the effects of donepezil on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) using statistical parametric mapping. METHODS rCBF was noninvasively measured using (99m)Tc-ethyl cysteinate dimer in 35 AD patients with a Mini-Mental State Examination score(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a comparative study to optimize the scanning and inhalation protocols for xenon CT cerebral blood flow (CBF) examination (Xe CT), with the aim of improving the practical performance of Xe CT as a routine clinical examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four different inhalation protocols, including 3-min, 6-min, and 8-min wash-in(More)