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BACKGROUND/AIMS In this study, we determined the frequencies of the genotypes associated with the polymorphism of the cytokines genes, and investigated their association with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers. METHODS Genetic polymorphism in the cytokines TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, TGF-beta1, IL-6, and IL-10 were(More)
In this study, we aimed to explore whether interleukin-18 (IL-18) gene-promoter polymorphisms are associated with the outcome of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. In all, 204 chronically HBV-infected patients were recruited in this study. Of the 204 HBV-infected patients, 43 were considered to be inactive HBV carriers based on the sustained normalization(More)
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a key role in the pathogenesis of hepatic inflammation and fibrosis through the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Cytokines and growth factors are thought to activate HSCs. TNF-alpha has pleiotropic functions in hepatitis, but its role in liver fibrosis remains elusive. In this study we investigated(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important cytokine in liver regeneration, and elevated levels of IL-6 have been demonstrated in patients with chronic liver diseases (CLD). Many biological effects of IL-6 depend on naturally occurring soluble IL-6 receptors. In the present study we measured the concentrations of IL-6 and its soluble receptors in the sera of(More)
UNLABELLED The predictive role of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) remains elusive in the long-term outcome of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). The progression of PBC was evaluated in association with ANAs using stepwise Cox proportional hazard regression and an unconditional stepwise logistic regression model based on the data of 276 biopsy-proven, definite(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatitis B virus (HBV) induces liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mainly by causing chronic necro-inflammatory hepatic disease. Our aim was to investigate the relationships between the polymorphisms of the interleukin-1B (IL-1B) promoter region and the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene (IL-1RN) and disease(More)
UNLABELLED The Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-positive human Mac-2-binding protein (WFA+-M2BP) was recently shown to be a liver fibrosis glycobiomarker with a unique fibrosis-related glycoalteration. We evaluated the ability of WFA+-M2BP to predict the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients who were infected with the hepatitis C virus(More)
BACKGROUND Although the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remains poorly understood, proinflammatory cytokines seem to play an important role in the process of NASH. We have undertaken this study in order to elucidate the role of proinflammatory cytokines and their soluble receptors in NASH patients. METHODS Serum cytokines and soluble(More)
Because some of the autoreactive T-cell clones specific for human PDC-E2 cross-react to mimicry peptides having an EIExDK motif derived from nuclear antigens such as human gp210 and sp100, we studied the clinical significance of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients registered to the National Hospital Organization Study(More)
The epidemiology of acute viral hepatitis (AVH) is dynamic and affected by many factors including hygiene, socioeconomic status and vaccination coverage. A total of 4,302 cases of AVH were sequentially enrolled in this nationwide study between 1980 and 2008. Of the cases of AVH, acute hepatitis A (AHA) accounted for 1,583 (36.8%), acute hepatitis B (AHB)(More)