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BACKGROUND/AIMS In this study, we determined the frequencies of the genotypes associated with the polymorphism of the cytokines genes, and investigated their association with the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers. METHODS Genetic polymorphism in the cytokines TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, TGF-beta1, IL-6, and IL-10 were(More)
UNLABELLED The predictive role of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) remains elusive in the long-term outcome of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). The progression of PBC was evaluated in association with ANAs using stepwise Cox proportional hazard regression and an unconditional stepwise logistic regression model based on the data of 276 biopsy-proven, definite(More)
BACKGROUND Although the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remains poorly understood, proinflammatory cytokines seem to play an important role in the process of NASH. We have undertaken this study in order to elucidate the role of proinflammatory cytokines and their soluble receptors in NASH patients. METHODS Serum cytokines and soluble(More)
The epidemiology of acute viral hepatitis (AVH) is dynamic and affected by many factors including hygiene, socioeconomic status and vaccination coverage. A total of 4,302 cases of AVH were sequentially enrolled in this nationwide study between 1980 and 2008. Of the cases of AVH, acute hepatitis A (AHA) accounted for 1,583 (36.8%), acute hepatitis B (AHB)(More)
Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) play a key role in the pathogenesis of hepatic inflammation and fibrosis through the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Cytokines and growth factors are thought to activate HSCs. TNF-alpha has pleiotropic functions in hepatitis, but its role in liver fibrosis remains elusive. In this study we investigated(More)
The pathogenesis of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) remains enigmatic. In order to address this issue, we analyzed by laser capture microdissection and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction the site-specific expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) for cytokines (interferon (IFN)-alpha, -beta, -gamma, interleukin (IL)-1beta, -4, -6, -10,(More)
Noninvasive risk factors are required for predicting the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) not only in patients with cirrhosis but also in those with chronic hepatitis who are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). A total of 707 patients with chronic HCV infection without other risks were evaluated for the predictive value of noninvasive risk(More)
Measurement of Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-positive human Mac-2 binding protein (WFA+-M2BP) in serum was recently shown to be a noninvasive method to assess liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of serum WFA+-M2BP values to predict the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients who achieved a sustained(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important cytokine in liver regeneration, and elevated levels of IL-6 have been demonstrated in patients with chronic liver diseases (CLD). Many biological effects of IL-6 depend on naturally occurring soluble IL-6 receptors. In the present study we measured the concentrations of IL-6 and its soluble receptors in the sera of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatitis B virus (HBV) induces liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mainly by causing chronic necro-inflammatory hepatic disease. Our aim was to investigate the relationships between the polymorphisms of the interleukin-1B (IL-1B) promoter region and the interleukin-1 receptor antagonist gene (IL-1RN) and disease(More)