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OBJECTIVES Haemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is known as a relatively rare complication in autoimmune diseases. Here we analysed the clinical features of HPS in patients with systemic autoimmune diseases. METHODS One thousand and fourteen patients with systemic autoimmune diseases admitted to Hokkaido University Hospital from 1997 to 2007 were recruited [350(More)
Although calmodulin is generally regarded as a soluble protein, a considerable amount of calmodulin activity was found to be associated with particulate fractions of mammalian tissues after an extensive washing of the particulate fraction with EGTA. Identity of this particle-bound and EGTA-nonextractable form of calmodulin with soluble calmodulin was(More)
PURPOSE To examine a new way of body diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) using the short TI inversion recovery-echo planar imaging (STIR-EPI) sequence and free breathing scanning (diffusion weighted whole body imaging with background body signal suppression; DWIBS) to obtain three-dimensional displays. MATERIALS AND METHODS 1) Apparent contrast-to-noise(More)
Fever is triggered by an elevation of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) in the brain. However, the mechanism of its elevation remains unanswered. We herein cloned the rat glutathione-dependent microsomal prostaglandin E synthase (mPGES), the terminal enzyme for PGE(2) biosynthesis, and examined its induction in the rat brain after intraperitoneal injection of(More)
We studied the kinetic disposition and metabolism of E3810 [(+/-)-sodium 2-[[4-(3-methoxypropoxy)-3-methylpyridin-2-yl]methylsulfinyl ]-1H- benzimidazole], a new proton pump inhibitor, and omeprazole in 15 Japanese male volunteers, six of whom were poor metabolizers and nine of whom were extensive metabolizers of S-mephenytoin. All received once-daily 20 mg(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the significance of complement activation in patients with primary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS Thirty-six patients with primary APS, 42 control patients with non-systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) connective tissue diseases, and 36 healthy volunteers were analysed retrospectively. Serum complement levels (C3, C4,(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the disposition of the tricyclic antidepressant clomipramine (C) in Japanese and Swedish patients receiving continuous treatment. Therapeutic drug monitoring data for C and the active metabolite N-desmethylclomipramine (DC) in Japanese patients receiving monotherapy (N = 12) and in those receiving C plus benzodiazepines(More)
The appearance of serum troponin T (tn-T) on day 1 after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) strongly depends on coronary reperfusion. In contrast, the kinetics of tn-T release after day 1 after AMI are unaffected by the reperfusion status, and reflect the degradation of myofilaments in irreversibly damaged cells. However, it is not known whether serum tn-T(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the potential role of positron emission tomography (PET) using 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) for the evaluation of bony metastasis compared with 99Tcm-methylene diphosphonate (99Tcm-MDP) bone scintigraphy in patients with breast cancer. Fifty-one female patients with breast cancer who had PET together with(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Cardiac function and the inotropic response to beta-adrenergic stimulation are impaired in sepsis. We hypothesized that LPS, in clinically relevant levels (1 ng/mL), directly depresses contractility and beta-adrenergic responses in cardiac myocytes. Cardiac myocytes were isolated from(More)