Sei-ichi Aiba

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Biodiesel fuel is favored as a type of carbon neutral energy. To popularize its usage, by-product waste glycerol utilization is a critical problem. We tried to isolate waste glycerol utilizing bacteria, and obtained the alkalo- and halophile bacteria Halomonas sp. KM-1. This strain produced bioplastic poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) in a simple medium and(More)
Finely powdered alpha- and beta-chitin can be completely hydrolyzed with chitinase (EC 3.2.1.14) and beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.52) for the production of 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose (GlcNAc). Crude chitinase from Burkholderia cepacia TU09 and Bacillus licheniformis SK-1 were used to digest alpha- and beta-chitin powder. Chitinase from B.(More)
Commercial non-chitinase enzymes from Aspergilus niger, Acremonium cellulolyticus and Trichoderma viride were investigated for potential utilization in the preparation of 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose (N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, GlcNAc) from chitin. Among the tested enzymes, cellulase A. cellulolyticus exhibited highest chitinolytic activity per weight toward(More)
Chitosan-dendrimer hybrids having various functional groups such as carboxyl, ester, and poly(ethylene glycol) groups were prepared successfully using dendrimer acetal by reductive N-alkylation. The synthetic procedure could be accomplished by one-step reaction without organic solvent. The degree of substitution of dendrimer was 0.13-0.18 evaluated by (1)H(More)