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Fez is a zinc-finger gene encoding a transcriptional repressor that is expressed in the olfactory epithelium, hypothalamus, ventrolateral pallium and prethalamus at mid-gestation. To reveal its function, we generated Fez-deficient mice. The Fez-deficient mice showed several abnormalities in the olfactory system: (1) impaired axonal projection of the(More)
Olfactory sensory neurons expressing a given odorant receptor converge axons onto a few topographically fixed glomeruli in the olfactory bulb, leading to establishment of the odor map. Here, we report that BIG-2/contactin-4, an axonal glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily, is expressed in a subpopulation of mouse olfactory sensory(More)
The olfactory system provides an excellent model in which to study cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, axon guidance, dendritic morphogenesis, and synapse formation. We report here crucial roles of the Arx homeobox gene in the developing olfactory system by analyzing its mutant phenotypes. Arx protein was expressed strongly in the interneurons(More)
Our sophisticated thoughts and behaviors are based on the miraculous development of our complex nervous network system, in which many different types of proteins and signaling cascades are regulated in a temporally and spatially ordered manner. Here we review our recent attempts to grasp the principles of nervous system development in terms of general(More)
We have characterized two separate odorant receptor (OR) gene clusters to examine how olfactory neurons expressing closely linked and homologous OR genes project their axons to the olfactory bulb. Murine OR genes, MOR28, MOR10, and MOR83, share 75-95% similarities in the amino acid sequences and are tightly linked on chromosome 14. In situ hybridization has(More)
Sensory experience regulates the development of various brain structures, including the cortex, hippocampus, and olfactory bulb (OB). Little is known about how sensory experience regulates the dendritic spine development of OB interneurons, such as granule cells (GCs), although it is well studied in mitral/tufted cells. Here, we identify a transcription(More)
Sensory input has been shown to regulate development in a variety of species and in various structures, including the retina, cortex, and olfactory bulb (OB). Within the mammalian OB specifically, the development of dendrites in mitral/tufted cells is well known to be odor-evoked activity dependent. However, little is known about the developmental role of(More)
The basic scheme of odor perception and signaling from olfactory cilia to the brain is well understood. However, factors that affect olfactory acuity of an animal, the threshold sensitivity to odorants, are less well studied. Using signal sequence trap screening of a mouse olfactory epithelium cDNA library, we identified a novel molecule, Goofy, that is(More)
Recent evidence shows that olfactory sensory neurons expressing a given odorant receptor (OR) are not necessarily confined to one of four zones, rather arranged in an overlapping manner in the olfactory epithelium (OE). In this study, in situ hybridization of OE sections with the OR probes indicated that the OR genes, the mRNAs of which were detected in an(More)
Inhibitory interneurons in the olfactory bulb are generated continuously throughout life in the subventricular zone and differentiate into periglomerular and granule cells. Neural circuits that undergo reorganization by newborn olfactory bulb interneurons are necessary for odor detection, odor discrimination, olfactory memory, and innate olfactory(More)