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Intraoperative fluorescence angiography with indocyanine green (ICG) as a tracer has recently been introduced as a novel technique for neurosurgery. We evaluated the feasibility and efficacy of near-infrared (NIR) indocyanine green (ICG) videoangiography for patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Sixty patients (7 females, 53 males; mean age,(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to investigate the character of changes in cardiac structure and function among elite judoists due to long-term judo practice. METHODS A group of male (N = 20, average age: 22.1) and female (N = 15, average age: 19.4) athletes practising judo for about 10 years was subjected to echocardiographic tests carried out during rest(More)
Surgical microscope-integrated intraoperative angiography with intra-venous injection of indocyanine green (ICG) has been widely used during bypass or aneurysm surgery. Instead of intra-venous injection of ICG, we describe a case of intraoperative video angiography with intra-arterial injection of ICG in cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) surgery.(More)
Aneurysms of the cervical vertebral artery (VA) are uncommon; they are often caused by trauma or spontaneous dissection. A fusiform aneurysm without evidence of atherosclerosis or dissection has not been reported previously. A 46-year-old man presented with a pontine infarct. Imaging revealed a fusiform aneurysm of the left VA at the C5–6 level, with(More)
BACKGROUND Perfusion magnetic resonance image with arterial spin labeling (ASL) provides a completely noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF). However, arterial transient times can have a marked effect on the ASL signal. For example, a single postlabeling delay (PLD) of 1.5 seconds underestimates the slowly streaming collateral pathways that(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance perfusion imaging (ASL-MRI) allows noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) but depends on the arterial transit time (ATT). With the commonly used single postlabeling delay (PLD) of 1.5 seconds, slow flow through collateral vessels may be underestimated. We used both 1.5 and 2.5 seconds to(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral hyperperfusion after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is defined as an increase in ipsilateral cerebral blood flow (CBF). Practically, however, prompt and precise assessment of cerebral hyperperfusion is difficult because of limitations in the methodology of CBF measurement during the perioperative period. Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a(More)
UNLABELLED Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patients with severe intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) often develop infectious complications during the acute stage. Animal experiments have demonstrated that enteral immunonutrition with a dietary fluid containing whey peptide (WP) enhances immunoactivity and prevents infection. The aim of the current study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance perfusion imaging (ASL-MRI) allows noninvasive measurement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) but depends on arterial transit time (ATT). To overcome this problem, we developed a simple ASL technique with dual postlabeling delay (PLD) settings. In addition to the routinely used PLD of 1.5 seconds, we selected(More)