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The presence of cytochrome P-450 and P-450-mediated benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylase activity in both microsomal and soluble fractions of the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium was shown. The reduced carbon monoxide difference spectrum showed maxima at 448-450 and 452-454 nm for microsomal and cytosolic fractions, respectively. Both P-450 fractions(More)
Manganese enhanced atrazine transformation by the fungus Pleurotus pulmonarius when added to a liquid culture medium at concentrations of up to 300 microM. Both N-dealkylated and propylhydroxylated metabolites accumulated in the culture medium, with the former accumulating to a greater extent than did the latter. Lipid peroxidation, oxygenase and peroxidase(More)
Microsomal and soluble fractions of Pleurotus pulmonarius exhibited a reduced carbon monoxide difference spectrum with P450 maxima at 448nm and 450–452nm respectively. Substrate induced Type I spectra were observed on addition of benzo(a)pyrene to both fractions. Benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylation was measured using the aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase assay and was(More)
The external morphological changes occurring during initiation and early stages of fruit body development of a Morchella sp., before the development of asci, were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Four stages of primordial development were distinguished. First, disk-shaped knots of 0.5-1.5 mm were observed on the surface of the substrate. Next, the(More)
The white rot fungus Pleurotus pulmonarius exhibited metabolism of atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine) in liquid culture, producing the dealkylated metabolites desethylatrazine, desisopropylatrazine, and desethyl-desisopropylatrazine. A fourth, unknown metabolite was also produced. It was isolated and was identified as(More)
The possible effects of lignocellulose substrate on lignocellulolytic activity of the fungus Pleurotus pulmonarius was studied in submerged culture. This study included fungal growth rates, nitrogen and carbon consumption, and enzymatic activity rates, with and without added cotton-wheat straw (CWS) mixtures. Addition of CWS to the media caused increased(More)
Many organisms do not contain the necessary biochemical armoury to carry out the initial oxidative attack of many pollutant chemicals. In the present study, Acinetobacter sp. strain BD413 has been genetically engineered to express the cytochrome P450 xenobiotic-metabolising enzyme CYP105D1 from Streptomyces griseus that has in its repertoire a diverse array(More)
Aqueous extracts of pomegranate peels were assayed in vitro for their antifungal activity against six rot fungi that cause fruit and vegetable decay during storage. The growth rates of Alternaria alternata , Stemphylium botryosum , and Fusarium spp. were significantly inhibited by the extracts. The growth rates were negatively correlated with the levels(More)
Relationships between the hyphae of Agaricus bisporus (Lang) Sing and bacteria from the mushroom bed casing layer were examined with a scanning electron microscope. Hyphae growing in the casing layer differed morphologically from compost-grown hyphae. Whereas the compost contained thin single hyphae surrounded by calcium oxalate crystals, the casing layer(More)
AIM To isolate and identify an anticandida compound from newly isolated Fusarium strain MS-R1 and characterization of its activity against standard and clinical strains of Candida. METHODS AND RESULTS The fungal strain, Fusarium strain MS-R1, was isolated from soil. Molecular identification according to the internal transcribed spacer region of the rRNA(More)