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Theoretically, measures of household wealth can be reflected by income, consumption or expenditure information. However, the collection of accurate income and consumption data requires extensive resources for household surveys. Given the increasingly routine application of principal components analysis (PCA) using asset data in creating socio-economic(More)
BACKGROUND Calls for increased investment in sexually transmitted infection (STI) treatment across the developing world have been made to address the high disease burden and the association with HIV transmission. GOALS The goals of this study were to systematically review evidence on the cost of treating curable STIs and to explore its key determinants.(More)
INTRODUCTION Community health insurance (CHI) schemes are growing in importance in low-income settings, where health systems based on user fees have resulted in significant barriers to care for the poorest members of communities. They increase revenue, access and financial protection, but concerns have been expressed about the equity of such schemes and(More)
To explore how area-level socioeconomic status and gender-related norms influence partner violence against women in Tanzania. We analysed data from the 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey and used multilevel logistic regression to estimate individual and community-level effects on women’s risk of current partner violence. Prevalence of current(More)
Estimates of the effect of employment on women's risk of partner violence in cross-sectional studies are subject to potential "self-selection bias." Women's personal choice of whether to pursue employment or not may create fundamental differences between the group of women who are employed and those who are not employed that standard regression methods(More)
The relationship between women's access to economic resources, e.g. employment or access to micro-credit, and experience of intimate partner violence is complex. Empirical evidence documents that in some settings women's employment is associated with higher risk of partner violence but in other settings with lower risk. Evidence also shows that these(More)
A marketing company conducting a consumer omnibus survey (COS) in April 2000 was paid to include questions about household ownership of mosquito nets. At the time of the survey, which involved 5018 respondents, most and perhaps all of the nets owned by the respondents would have been untreated, as a product for net treatment was then virtually unavailable.(More)
BACKGROUND Women's responses to partner violence are influenced by a complex constellation of factors including: psychological attachment to the partner; context of the abuse; and structural factors, all of which shape available options for women outside of the relationship. OBJECTIVE To describe women's responses to physical partner violence; and to(More)
  • Seema Vyas
  • Sexual & reproductive healthcare : official…
  • 2017
OBJECTIVES To explore the relationship between past year physical or sexual partner violence against women and women's self-report of sexually transmitted infection (STI) symptoms in post-revolution Egypt; and to examine the effects of men's and women's risky sexual behavioural characteristics and structural dimensions of poverty and gender inequality on(More)
Breast cancer is a common disease and so is ITP, but coexistence of both diseases is rare. As per definition given by International Working Group, primary immune thrombocytopenia is platelet counts below 100 G/l, with no other cause of thrombocytopenia and no clinically evident secondary form of immune thrombocytopenia. 80% ITP is primary and 20% ITP is(More)