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BACKGROUND Subcutaneous or intravenous immunoglobulin replacement is the mainstay of treatment for most patients with primary immunodeficiency disease (PID). The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of how existing PID therapies affect patient lives and to identify desired improvements to immunoglobulin treatments. METHODS An online(More)
BACKGROUND The UK National Health Service (NHS) will fund renal services using Payment by Results (PbR), from 2009. Central to the success of PbR will be the creation of tariffs that reflect the true cost of medical services. We have therefore estimated the cost of different dialysis modalities in the Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust and six other hospitals in(More)
We sent an anonymous self-administered questionnaire to 4200 employees of a Trust hospital, 1903 of whom returned it. We identified 158 migraine sufferers according to International Headache Society (IHS) criteria. These sufferers estimated 2.0 days/year absence from work, and an equivalent of 5.5 days/year lost by reduced effectiveness at work, caused by(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with a large economic and social burden. Few economic studies have examined the benefits of inhaled therapy for patients with COPD. This 16-week study examined the cost-effectiveness of salmeterol in this patient group. Patients with a history of COPD were randomised to treatment with salmetrol 50(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE Asthma, owing to its chronic nature, is associated with a substantial economic burden. Healthcare providers need to compare the cost effectiveness of alternative asthma treatment options to ensure that they obtain the best value for money from the resources they control. The objective of the current study was to compare the cost(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a condition characterized by progressive airflow limitation, which causes considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yet the burden of COPD is poorly recognized, and the disease remains an inadequately managed health problem. Few studies have attempted to quantify the impact of the disease on patient(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the availability of guidelines, most gastroenterologists do not administer prophylactic antibiotics appropriately to patients having endoscopic procedures. In 1994 we recognized that in our endoscopy unit, many patients were receiving antibiotics without proper indication. We devised a continuous quality improvement initiative to analyze(More)
There is a need to establish the proportion of adult asthmatics at each step of the recommended asthma management guidelines, the cost of their prescribed treatment, and a revised cost of treatment assuming patients who were suboptimally controlled were moved up a step. Actual prescription and cost figures and a theoretical projection of an ideal scenario(More)
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