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The UROtsa cell line was isolated from a primary culture of normal human urothelium through immortalization with a construct containing the SV40 large T antigen. It proliferates in serum-containing growth medium as a cell monolayer with little evidence of uroepithelial differentiation. The working hypothesis in the present study was that this cell line(More)
The goal of the present study was to determine if the expression of metallothionein isoform 3 (MT-3) might serve as a biomarker for human bladder cancer. To accomplish this goal, we defined the localization and expression of MT-3 protein and mRNA using fresh and archival biopsy specimens obtained from patients undergoing differential diagnosis for a variety(More)
We determined the expression of the constitutive (hsc 70) and inducible (hsp 70) forms of heat shock protein 70 mRNA and protein in human proximal tubule (HPT) cells exposed to lethal and sublethal concentrations of Cd(+2) under both acute and extended conditions of exposure. The HPT cells exhibited the classic heat shock response when subjected to a(More)
BACKGROUND Expression of metallothionein isoform 3 (MT-3) was initially reported to be confined to neural tissues. However, it was recently demonstrated that MT-3 is expressed in epithelial cells of the human kidney. This motivated the current examination of the expression of MT-3 in the human prostate. METHODS Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to(More)
The goal of this study was to determine which of the 10 functional metallothionein (MT) genes are expressed in four human breast cancer cell lines and whether expression varies among the cell lines. Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technology, it was shown that there was no expression of mRNA for the MT-1A, MT-1B, MT-1F, MT-1G,(More)
The goals of this study were to determine the expression of metallothionein isoform 1 and 2 proteins (MT-1 and MT-2) in bladder cancer and then to determine which MT isoform-specific genes promoted the expression of these proteins. Immunohistochemical analysis disclosed no immunoreactivity for MT-1 and MT-2 (designated as MT-1/2 to reflect the(More)
Arsenic and cadmium (Cd(+2)) are human carcinogens, and epidemiological studies have implicated both pollutants in the development of urinary bladder cancer. Despite this epidemiological base, it is unknown if either Cd(+2) or arsenite (As(+3)) can directly cause the malignant transformation of human urothelial cells. The goal of this study was to determine(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine the expression of MT-3 in the human kidney. To accomplish this, an antibody was generated against a unique 8 amino acid sequence present in MT-3 that is not shared by any other MT family member. Western analysis demonstrated that the resulting antibody reacted with a protein band of approximately 6 kDa,(More)
In contrast to the single metallothionein (MT)-1 gene of the mouse, the human MT-1 gene family is composed of seven active genes and six pseudogenes. In this study, the expression of mRNA representing the seven active human MT-1 genes was determined in cultured human proximal tubule (HPT) cells under basal conditions and after exposure to the metals Cd2+,(More)
The expression of hsp 27 mRNA and protein was determined in cultured human proximal tubule (HPT) cells exposed to lethal and sublethal concentrations of Cd2+ under both acute and extended conditions. Initial procedures demonstrated that HPT cells display the classic stress response following physical and chemical stress. Heat stress (42.5 degrees C for 1(More)