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The UROtsa cell line was isolated from a primary culture of normal human urothelium through immortalization with a construct containing the SV40 large T antigen. It proliferates in serum-containing growth medium as a cell monolayer with little evidence of uroepithelial differentiation. The working hypothesis in the present study was that this cell line(More)
The organization of the human metallothionein (MT) gene family is more complex than the commonly used mouse and rat models. The human MTs are encoded by a family of genes consisting of 10 functional and 7 nonfunctional MT isoforms. One objective of this study was to determine if the accumulation of MT protein in cultures of human proximal tubule (HPT) cells(More)
In contrast to the single metallothionein (MT)-1 gene of the mouse, the human MT-1 gene family is composed of seven active genes and six pseudogenes. In this study, the expression of mRNA representing the seven active human MT-1 genes was determined in cultured human proximal tubule (HPT) cells under basal conditions and after exposure to the metals Cd2+,(More)
This laboratory has shown that MT-3 expression determines the choice between apoptotic or necrotic cell death in Cd(+2)-exposed human proximal tubule cells. Human proximal tubule cells that express MT-3 undergo necrosis when exposed to Cd(+2), while cells that have no basal expression of MT-3 undergo apoptotic cell death. It was also shown that cells which(More)
The goal of this study was to determine which of the 10 functional metallothionein (MT) genes are expressed in four human breast cancer cell lines and whether expression varies among the cell lines. Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technology, it was shown that there was no expression of mRNA for the MT-1A, MT-1B, MT-1F, MT-1G,(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown an association of metallothionein (MT) overexpression with tumor type and grade. However, a family of genes underlies the expression of these proteins. The goals of this study were to define the expression of MT genes and protein in normal human prostate and to provide evidence that the expression of the MT isoforms is altered(More)
The expression of heat shock protein (hsp) 90alpha and beta mRNA and protein were determined in the human kidney and in human proximal tubule (HPT) cells exposed to lethal and sub-lethal concentrations of Cd(+2) under both acute and extended conditions of exposure. Using immunohistochemical analysis, it was demonstrated that hsp 90 was widely distributed in(More)
Arsenic and cadmium (Cd(+2)) are human carcinogens, and epidemiological studies have implicated both pollutants in the development of urinary bladder cancer. Despite this epidemiological base, it is unknown if either Cd(+2) or arsenite (As(+3)) can directly cause the malignant transformation of human urothelial cells. The goal of this study was to determine(More)
The stress response is one mechanism that the bladder urothelium could potentially employ to protect itself from cellular damage after exposure to arsenic and, in so doing, influence the shape of the dose-response curve at low concentrations of exposure to this environmental pollutant. In the present study, we used the cultured human urothelial cell line(More)
The human prostate gland undergoes a prominent alteration in Zn+2 homeostasis during the development of prostate cancer. The goal of the present study was to determine if the immortalized human prostate cell line (RWPE-1) could serve as a model system to study the role of zinc in prostate cancer. The study examined the expression of mRNA for 19 members of(More)