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PURPOSE To meta-analytically compare 2-[fluorine 18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) for the demonstration of mediastinal nodal metastases in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS English-language reports on the diagnostic performance of PET (14 studies, 514 patients) and/or(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of complete diaphragm inactivity and mechanical ventilation (for more than 18 hours) elicits disuse atrophy of myofibers in animals. We hypothesized that the same may also occur in the human diaphragm. METHODS We obtained biopsy specimens from the costal diaphragms of 14 brain-dead organ donors before organ harvest (case(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine which CT findings are reliable indicators of the true or false lumen in an aortic dissection. CONCLUSION The beak sign and a larger cross-sectional area were the most useful indicators of the false lumen for both acute and chronic dissections. Features generally indicative of the true lumen included(More)
PURPOSE To document the natural history of ulcerlike aortic lesions and determine whether any computed tomographic (CT) features predict outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS CT scans from 1994 to 1998 that depicted an ulcerlike aortic lesion were retrospectively evaluated. Features evaluated included lesion and aortic size and intramural hematoma. Initial CT(More)
BACKGROUND Recognition of cervical spine (c-spine) injury is important to minimize the risk of disability. Yet the ideal method to detect injury remains controversial, especially in unexaminable patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of c-spine injury detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with no abnormalities(More)
OBJECT Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), a condition much more common in the elderly, presents an increasing challenge as the population ages. Treatment strategies for CSDH include bur-hole craniostomy (BHC), twist-drill craniostomy (TDC), and craniotomy. Decision analysis was used to organize existing data and develop recommendations for effective(More)
PURPOSE Classic literature indicates an infrequency of metopic craniosynostosis (3 to 10 percent) compared to other single-suture craniosynostosis. Recent observation challenges these conceptions, warranting long-term demographic analysis. METHODS Syndromic craniofacial dysostoses and multiple suture involvement were exclusion criteria, leaving only(More)
BACKGROUND Increased left ventricular mass index has been shown to be associated with higher mortality in epidemiologic studies. However, the effect of increased left ventricular mass index on outcomes in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement is unknown. METHODS We studied 473 consecutive patients undergoing elective aortic valve replacement to(More)
OBJECT The average 65-year-old patient with moderate dementia can look forward to only 1.4 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), that is, longevity times quality of life. Some of these patients suffer from normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and respond dramatically to shunt insertion. Currently, however, NPH cannot be diagnosed with certainty. The authors(More)
RATIONALE Patients on mechanical ventilation who exhibit diaphragm inactivity for a prolonged time (case subjects) develop decreases in diaphragm force-generating capacity accompanied by diaphragm myofiber atrophy. OBJECTIVES Our objectives were to test the hypotheses that increased proteolysis by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, decreases in myosin(More)