Seema Chatterjee

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Spatially restricted synthesis of Nanos protein in the Drosophila embryo is essential for anterior-posterior patterning. Nanos translation is restricted to the posterior of the embryo by translational repression of nanos mRNA throughout the bulk cytoplasm and selective activation of posteriorly localized nanos mRNA. A 90-nucleotide translational control(More)
Localization of nanos (nos) mRNA to the germ plasm at the posterior pole of the Drosophila embryo is essential to activate nos translation and thereby generate abdominal segments. nos RNA localization is mediated by a large cis-acting localization signal composed of multiple, partially redundant elements within the nos 3' untranslated region. We identify a(More)
Asymmetric mRNA localization is an effective mechanism for establishing cellular and developmental polarity. Posterior localization of oskar in the Drosophila oocyte targets the synthesis of Oskar to the posterior, where Oskar initiates the assembly of the germ plasm. In addition to harboring germline determinants, the germ plasm is required for(More)
Patterning of the anterior-posterior body axis of the Drosophila embryo requires production of Nanos protein selectively in the posterior. Spatially restricted Nanos synthesis is accomplished by translational repression of unlocalized nanos mRNA together with translational activation of posteriorly localized nanos. Repression of unlocalized nanos mRNA is(More)
The gas5 gene was identified in a screen for mRNAs induced in NIH3T3 fibroblasts following growth arrest (Schneider et al. 1988). gas5 message levels decline upon serum stimulation of quiescent mouse fibroblasts by what appears to be a posttranscriptional mechanism that may be dependent on protein kinase activity (Ciccarelli et al. 1990). gas5 message(More)
Developmental control of translation is frequently mediated by regulatory elements that reside within 3' untranslated regions (3' UTRs). Two stem-loops within the nanos 3' UTR translational control element (TCE) act independently to direct translational repression of maternal nanos mRNA in the ovary or embryo. We have previously shown that the nanos TCE can(More)
The development of a functional germline is essential for species propagation. The nanos (nos) gene plays an evolutionarily conserved role in germline development and is also essential for abdominal patterning in Drosophila. A small fraction of nos mRNA is localized to the germ plasm at the posterior pole of the Drosophila embryo, where it becomes(More)
The Drosophila hnRNP F/H homolog, Glorund (Glo), regulates nanos mRNA translation by interacting with a structured UA-rich motif in the nanos 3' untranslated region. Glo regulates additional RNAs, however, and mammalian homologs bind G-tract sequences to regulate alternative splicing, suggesting that Glo also recognizes G-tract RNA. To gain insight into how(More)
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