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It has been widely suggested that selenium (Se) deficiency play an important role in the pathophysiology of epilepsy. It has been reported that Se provides protection against the neuronal damage in patients and animals with epilepsy by restoring the antioxidant defense mechanism. The neuroprotective effects of topiramate (TPM) have been reported in several(More)
UNLABELLED Firstly, we aimed to determine the effectiveness of various treatment modalities using ultrasonography (US), and secondly, we aimed to assess the correlations between the ultrasonographic findings and electrophysiological tests, symptom severity, functional status and physical findings. 74 hands of 47 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the main chronic inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system that causes functional disability in young people. The aim of this study was to investigate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with MS and the relationship between the NLR and the severity of the disease. One hundred and two MS patients(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in migraine patients with unilateral headache. METHODS A total of 58 patients diagnosed with migraine headache consistently occurring on the same side and 58 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were evaluated in this cross-sectional study. RNFL thickness was measured using spectral-domain(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate blink rate (BR), tear tests and corneal parameters by Scheimpflug imaging and also to clarify the associations between the severity of disease and corneal parameters in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Forty patients with PD and 40 healthy subjects were included in this study. All participants underwent a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM To evaluate the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and to compare the results with those of healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty patients (mean age: 75.02 ± 6.34 years; 23 women) with untreated AD and 40 age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy patients were examined in this(More)
Extrapyramidal symptoms (EPSs) include acute dystonia, akathisia, parkinsonism, and tardive dyskinesia. Antipsy-chotic drug-induced EPSs are mostly related to antipsy-chotic drugs that target the dopaminergic system. Atypical antipsychotics cause lower EPSs than typical antipsy-chotics [1]. In Parkinson's disease, the thalamus is a key nucleus in the tremor(More)
OBJECTIVE Early degeneration of the knees might occur in patients with multiple sclerosis secondary to balance and walking impairment and muscle weakness. The aims of this study were to evaluate the knee joints of patients with multiple sclerosis compared with healthy controls, using ultrasono-graphy, and to investigate whether there is any correlation(More)
We aimed to evaluate the thicknesses of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in patients with cerebral infarction (CI) by using optical coherence tomography. This cross-sectional study evaluated 45 patients with CI (patient group) and 45 healthy subjects (control group). All subjects underwent a complete ophthalmic examination including optical coherence(More)