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T cell circulation between peripheral tissues and the lymphoid compartment is critical for immunosurveillance and host defense. However, the factors that determine whether T cells remain in peripheral tissue or return to the circulation are undefined. Here we demonstrate that the chemokine receptor CCR7 is a critical signal that determines T cell exit from(More)
Cerebral malaria is a significant cause of global mortality, causing an estimated two million deaths per year, mainly in children. The pathogenesis of this disease remains incompletely understood. Chemokines have been implicated in the development of cerebral malaria, and the IFN-inducible CXCR3 chemokine ligand IP-10 (CXCL10) was recently found to be the(More)
Innate-like NKT cells conspicuously accumulate within the liver microvasculature of healthy mice, crawling on the luminal side of endothelial cells, but their general recirculation pattern and the mechanism of their intravascular behavior have not been elucidated. Using parabiotic mice, we demonstrated that, despite their intravascular location, most liver(More)
CD1d-restricted T cells (NKT cells) are innate memory cells activated by lipid Ags and play important roles in the initiation and regulation of the immune response. However, little is known about the trafficking patterns of these cells or the tissue compartment in which they exert their regulatory activity. In this study, we determined the chemokine(More)
We have recently shown that the leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4))-BLT1 pathway is important in early effector T-cell recruitment in mouse models of inflammation. Here we characterize the phenotype and function of human peripheral blood BLT1(+) T cells in health and illustrate their involvement in asthma and acute infection. In healthy individuals, BLT1(+) T cells(More)
Allergic asthma is thought to stem largely from maladaptive T helper 2 (Th2) responses to inhaled allergens, which in turn lead to airway eosinophilia and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). However, many individuals with asthma have airway inflammation that is predominantly neutrophilic and resistant to treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids. An improved(More)
Human allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways thought to be driven by allergen-specific Th2 cells, which are recruited into the lung in response to inhaled allergen. To identify chemoattractant receptors that control this homing pattern, we used endobronchial segmental allergen challenge in human atopic asthmatics to define the(More)
T cells are critical mediators of the allergic airway inflammation seen in asthma. Pathogenic allergen-specific T cells are generated in regional lymph nodes and are then recruited into the airway by chemoattractants produced by the asthmatic lung. These recruited effector T cells and their products then mediate the cardinal features of asthma: airway(More)
STAT6-mediated chemokine production in the lung is required for Th2 lymphocyte and eosinophil homing into the airways in allergic pulmonary inflammation, and thus is a potential therapeutic target in asthma. However, the critical cellular source of STAT6-mediated chemokine production has not been defined. In this study, we demonstrate that STAT6 in bone(More)