Sebastien Szaffarczyk

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Studies of scene perception have shown that the visual system is particularly sensitive to global properties such as the overall layout of a scene. Such global properties cannot be computed locally, but rather require relational analysis over multiple regions. To what extent is observers' perception of scenes impaired in the far periphery? We examined the(More)
Studies in normally sighted people suggest that scene recognition is based on global physical properties and can be accomplished by the low resolution of peripheral vision. We examine the contribution of peripheral and central vision in scene gist recognition in patients with central vision loss and age-matched controls. Twenty-one patients with neovascular(More)
PURPOSE For normally sighted people, there is a general consensus that objects that appear in a congruent context (e.g., a hair dryer in a bathroom) are processed more accurately and/or more quickly than objects in an incongruent context (e.g., a hair dryer in a corn field). We investigated whether people with AMD, who have impairments in recognizing(More)
Neuroimaging studies have shown that faces exhibit a central visual field bias, as compared to buildings and scenes. With a saccadic choice task, Crouzet, Kirchner, and Thorpe (2010) demonstrated a speed advantage for the detection of faces with stimuli located 8° from fixation. We used the same paradigm to examine whether the face advantage, relative to(More)
We assessed the effects of donepezil, a drug that stimulates cholinergic transmission, and scopolamine, an antagonist of cholinergic transmission, on contrast sensitivity. 30 young male participants were tested under three treatment conditions: placebo, donepezil, and scopolamine in a random order. Pairs of photographs varying in contrast were displayed(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the visuomotor behavior of people with reduced peripheral field due to glaucoma while they accomplished natural actions. METHODS Twelve participants with glaucoma and 13 normally sighted controls were included. Participants were asked to accomplish a familiar sandwich-making task and a less familiar model-building task with a(More)
PURPOSE To use eye movements to investigate how people with a central scotoma might be impaired in the execution of natural actions and whether task familiarity affects performance. METHODS Sixteen participants with AMD and 16 age-matched controls performed two natural actions: (1) a familiar sandwich-making task and (2) a less familiar model-building(More)
In current theories of scene perception, the construct of scene gist plays a critical role in guiding attention, facilitating object recognition, and influencing memory. Yet an important and frequently overlooked issue in research and theory on scene gist is the relative contributions of central versus peripheral vision in its acquisition. The current study(More)
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