Sebastien Levesque

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE ARL 67156, 6-N,N-Diethyl-D-beta-gamma-dibromomethylene adenosine triphosphate, originally named FPL 67156, is the only commercially available inhibitor of ecto-ATPases. Since the first report on this molecule, various ectonucleotidases responsible for the hydrolysis of ATP at the cell surface have been cloned and characterized. In(More)
The presence and the functionality of a glutamatergic regulation was studied at the frog neuromuscular junction (NMJ), a singly innervated cholinergic synapse. Bath application of glutamate reduced transmitter release without affecting nerve-evoked presynaptic Ca2+ entry and handling. (1S,3R)-aminocyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (ACPD), a metabotropic(More)
We previously reported a 1:259 prevalence of female carriers of FMR1 premutation-size alleles (greater than 54 triplet repeats) in the general population. We now have screened 10 572 independent males from the same population for similar alleles using high-throughput Southern blotting. We identified 13 male carriers of an allele with more than 54 repeats.(More)
We have cloned and characterized the nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-3 (NTPDase3) from mouse spleen. Analysis of cDNA shows an open reading frame of 1587 base pairs encoding a protein of 529 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 58953Da and an estimated isoelectric point of 5.78. The translated amino acid sequence shows the presence of(More)
To study the instability of FMR1 triplet repeats in the general population, we screened a prospective sample of 24,449 anonymized mother-offspring pairs and analyzed transmissions of intermediate-size (45-54 triplets) and premutation-size (55-200 triplets) alleles. We screened all mothers for alleles > or = 45 triplets by Southern blot and studied(More)
A novel mammalian plasma membrane bound nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase), named NTPDase8, has been cloned and characterized. Analysis of cDNA reveals an open reading frame of 1491 base pairs encoding a protein of 497 amino acid residues with an estimated molecular mass of 54650 Da and a predicted isoelectric point of 5.94. In a mouse,(More)
P2X7 receptor is an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-gated ion channel within the multiprotein inflammasome complex. Until now, little is known about regulation of P2X7 effector functions in macrophages. In this study, we show that nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (NTPDase1)/CD39 is the dominant ectonucleotidase expressed by murine peritoneal(More)
Several association studies of candidate genes for preeclampsia and essential hypertension have led to discordant results, partly because of small sample sizes. Using a large population-based sample of pregnant women, we conducted an association study of 10 polymorphisms in 9 genes and aimed (1) to validate 10 published associations with preeclampsia or(More)
The plasma membrane bound nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase)-1, 2, 3 and 8 are major ectonucleotidases that modulate P2 receptor signaling by controlling nucleotides' concentrations at the cell surface. In this report, we systematically evaluated the effect of the commonly used P2 receptor antagonists reactive blue 2, suramin, NF279, NF449(More)
The chemokine interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a major chemoattractant for human neutrophils. Here, we demonstrate novel evidence that IL-8-induced neutrophil chemotaxis requires a concurrent activation of P2 receptors, most likely the P2Y(2) which is dominantly expressed in these cells. Indeed, the migration of human neutrophils towards IL-8 was significantly(More)