Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE ARL 67156, 6-N,N-Diethyl-D-beta-gamma-dibromomethylene adenosine triphosphate, originally named FPL 67156, is the only commercially available inhibitor of ecto-ATPases. Since the first report on this molecule, various ectonucleotidases responsible for the hydrolysis of ATP at the cell surface have been cloned and characterized. In(More)
Extracellular nucleotides regulate critical liver functions via the activation of specific transmembrane receptors. The hepatic levels of extracellular nucleotides, and therefore the related downstream signaling cascades, are modulated by cell-surface enzymes called ectonucleotidases, including nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase1/CD39),(More)
P2X7 receptor is an adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-gated ion channel within the multiprotein inflammasome complex. Until now, little is known about regulation of P2X7 effector functions in macrophages. In this study, we show that nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase 1 (NTPDase1)/CD39 is the dominant ectonucleotidase expressed by murine peritoneal(More)
Growing evidence supports a role for IL-1 in multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), but how it impacts neuroinflammation is poorly understood. We show that susceptibility to EAE requires activation of IL-1R1 on radiation-resistant cells via IL-1β secreted by bone marrow-derived cells. Neutrophils and monocyte-derived(More)
We have cloned and characterized the nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-3 (NTPDase3) from mouse spleen. Analysis of cDNA shows an open reading frame of 1587 base pairs encoding a protein of 529 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 58953Da and an estimated isoelectric point of 5.78. The translated amino acid sequence shows the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND Intrastent thrombosis, while rare, has a poor prognosis. Strut non-coverage is one causal factor, especially in cases of resistance to or premature discontinuation of dual antiplatelet therapy. AIM To compare neointimal coverage with paclitaxel and zotarolimus drug-eluting stents, using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS Twenty-two(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography is an imaging method that enables cardiologists to study atheromatous plaques, and to check the implantation and evolution of coronary stents. It is an invasive technique, providing high-resolution (10 microm) in vivo images, but with limitations and artefacts that need to be understood before the field of application(More)
A novel mammalian plasma membrane bound nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (NTPDase), named NTPDase8, has been cloned and characterized. Analysis of cDNA reveals an open reading frame of 1491 base pairs encoding a protein of 497 amino acid residues with an estimated molecular mass of 54650 Da and a predicted isoelectric point of 5.94. In a mouse,(More)
Disruption of the blood-brain and blood-spinal cord barriers (BBB and BSCB, respectively) and immune cell infiltration are early pathophysiological hallmarks of multiple sclerosis (MS), its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), and neuromyelitis optica (NMO). However, their contribution to disease initiation and development remains(More)
P2 receptors that are activated by extracellular nucleotides (e.g., ATP, ADP, UTP, UDP, Ap(n)A) and P1 receptors activated by adenosine control a diversity of biological processes. The activation of these receptors is tightly regulated by ectoenzymes that metabolize their ligands. This review presents these enzymes as well as their roles in the regulation(More)