Sebastien Levesque

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P2 receptors that are activated by extracellular nucleotides (e.g., ATP, ADP, UTP, UDP, Ap(n)A) and P1 receptors activated by adenosine control a diversity of biological processes. The activation of these receptors is tightly regulated by ectoenzymes that metabolize their ligands. This review presents these enzymes as well as their roles in the regulation(More)
The adult mammalian spinal cord has limited regenerative capacity in settings such as spinal cord injury (SCI) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Recent studies have revealed that ependymal cells lining the central canal possess latent neural stem cell potential, undergoing proliferation and multi-lineage differentiation following experimental SCI. To determine(More)
Extracellular nucleotides regulate critical liver functions via the activation of specific transmembrane receptors. The hepatic levels of extracellular nucleotides, and therefore the related downstream signaling cascades, are modulated by cell-surface enzymes called ectonucleotidases, including nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (NTPDase1/CD39),(More)
The presence and the functionality of a glutamatergic regulation was studied at the frog neuromuscular junction (NMJ), a singly innervated cholinergic synapse. Bath application of glutamate reduced transmitter release without affecting nerve-evoked presynaptic Ca2+ entry and handling. (1S,3R)-aminocyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (ACPD), a metabotropic(More)
The ectonucleotidase NTPDase1 (CD39) terminates P2 receptor activation by the hydrolysis of extracellular nucleotides (i.e., the P2 receptor ligands). In agreement with that role, exacerbated inflammation has been observed in NTPDase1-deficient mice. In this study, we extend these observations by showing that inhibition of NTPDase1 markedly increases IL-8(More)
Several association studies of candidate genes for preeclampsia and essential hypertension have led to discordant results, partly because of small sample sizes. Using a large population-based sample of pregnant women, we conducted an association study of 10 polymorphisms in 9 genes and aimed (1) to validate 10 published associations with preeclampsia or(More)
Growing evidence supports a role for IL-1 in multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), but how it impacts neuroinflammation is poorly understood. We show that susceptibility to EAE requires activation of IL-1R1 on radiation-resistant cells via IL-1β secreted by bone marrow-derived cells. Neutrophils and monocyte-derived(More)
We propose a phenotype-driven analysis of encrypted exome data to facilitate the widespread implementation of exome sequencing as a clinical genetic screening test. Twenty test-patients with varied syndromes were selected from the literature. For each patient, the mutation, phenotypic data, and genetic diagnosis were available. Next, control exome-files,(More)
Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is a peroxisome biogenesis disorder due to mutations in any one of 13 PEX genes. Increased incidence of ZS has been suspected in French-Canadians of the Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean region (SLSJ) of Quebec, but this remains unsolved. We identified 5 ZS patients from SLSJ diagnosed by peroxisome dysfunction between 1990–2010 and sequenced all(More)
BACKGROUND Late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) is a rare treatable lysosomal storage disorder characterized by progressive lysosomal glycogen accumulation and muscle weakness, with often a limb-girdle pattern. Despite published guidelines, testing for LOPD is often overlooked or delayed in adults, owing to its low frequency compared to other muscle disorders(More)