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Pectinolytic enzymes play an important role in cocoa fermentation. In this study, we characterized three extracellular pectate lyases (Pels) produced by bacilli isolated from fermenting cocoa beans. These enzymes, named Pel-22, Pel-66, and Pel-90, were synthesized by Bacillus pumilus BS22, Bacillus subtilis BS66, and Bacillus fusiformis BS90, respectively.(More)
We have previously reported the implication of Bacillus in the production of pectinolytic enzymes during cocoa fermentation. The objective of this work was to identify the Bacillus strains isolated from cocoa fermentation and study their ability to produce pectate lyase (PL) in various growth conditions. Ninety-eight strains were analyzed by Amplified(More)
BACKGROUND Given the widespread distribution of Plasmodium and helminth infections, and similarities of ecological requirements for disease transmission, coinfection is a common phenomenon in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere in the tropics. Interactions of Plasmodium falciparum and soil-transmitted helminths, including immunological responses and clinical(More)
Coffee contamination by ochratoxigenic fungi affects both coffee quality as well as coffee price with harmful consequences on the economy of the coffee exporting countries for whom which is their main source of income. Fungal strains were isolated from coffee beans and identified as black Aspergilli. Ochratoxigenic moulds like Aspergillus carbonarius were(More)
Acid phosphatase activity was detected in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cotyledons during germination. Four (4) to six (6) days of germination was the meantime corresponding to maximum hydrolytic activity of this enzyme. The understanding of the role of acid phosphatase activity during germination led to purify this enzyme by successive chromatography(More)
Anemia affects one-quarter of the world's population, but its etiology remains poorly understood. We determined the prevalence of anemia and studied underlying risk factors in infants (6-23 months), young school-aged children (6-8 years), and young non-pregnant women (15-25 years) in south-central Côte d'Ivoire. Blood, stool, and urine samples were(More)
The profile of sedimentation on a 4-20% (w/v) linear sucrose gradient of the digestive juice of the mollusk Archachatina ventricosa revealed the presence of at least four specific proteases. A first peak, corresponding to a sedimentation coefficient of 3.9 S, contained two endoproteases that could be assayed, one with Leu-pNA and the other with Met-pNA.(More)
A 1242 base pair DNA fragment from Bacillus halodurans H4 isolated from alkaline sediments of Lake Bogoria (Kenya) coding for a potential protease was cloned and sequenced. The hexa-histidine-tagged enzyme was overexpressed in Escherichia coli and was purified in one step by immobilized-metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) on Ni-NTA resin. The protease(More)
Essential oils of aromatic plants with insecticidal properties are nowadays considered as alternative insecticides to protect cultures from attack by insect pest. The aims of the present work were to evaluate the toxicity of the essential oils vapors of two aromatic plants (Lippia multiflora Mold. and Aframomum latifolium K. Schum) against Bemisia tabaci(More)
Two peroxidases, cPOD-I and rPOD-II, have been isolated and purified from cotton cell suspension and their biochemical characteristics studied. rPOD-II from R405-2000, a non-embryogenic cultivar, has higher activity than cPOD-I derived from Coker 312, which developed an embryogenic structure. The cPOD-I and rPOD-II had molecular mass of 39.1 and 64 kDa(More)