Sebastiano Cipriano

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Inhibins and activins are dimeric proteins belonging to the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. Follistatin is an activin-binding protein that antagonizes the function of activin via binding to its beta-subunits. Previously, we demonstrated that mice deficient in inhibin develop ovarian and testicular sex cord-stromal tumors of granulosa and(More)
The p21WAF1 gene encodes a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor and mediates tumor suppressor gene p53-induced cell cycle arrest. To directly test whether p21WAF1 can act as a tumor suppressor, we have expressed the p21WAF1 cDNA in several human tumor cell lines using a tetracycline-inducible system. Overexpression of p21WAF1 suppresses proliferation and soft(More)
Tumor suppressors function as antiproliferative signaling proteins, and defects in these genes lead to uncontrolled cell proliferation and cancer. For example, absence of the tumor suppressor p27(Kip1), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI), results in increased body size, hyperplasia of several organs including the testes, and cancer in mice.(More)
The Deleted in Colorectal Cancer gene (DCC) encodes a cell surface receptor that belongs to the Ig superfamily. Inactivation of the DCC gene has been implicated in human tumor progression. However, little is known about the biological function of the DCC protein. In the present study, we demonstrated that expression of DCC activated caspase-3 and programmed(More)
The p21(WAF1) gene encodes a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor and plays an important role in controlling the cell cycle. Its expression can be induced through wild-type p53-dependent or -independent pathways. Since the p53-dependent pathway is disrupted in more than 50% of human tumors, we wondered whether the p53-independent pathway is also altered during(More)
TGF-beta is a potent growth inhibitor of epithelial cells. However, many transformed cells have lost their sensitivity to this growth inhibitory effect. The molecular mechanism of such insensitivity is not yet understood. Here, we have studied the TGF-beta1 effect on normal human prostate and carcinoma cells. Our results showed that normal cells were(More)
Isolated metastases to the pancreas are rare. Renal cell carcinoma is one of the few tumours that metastasis to the pancreas. Since 2001 we have observed two cases of isolated metastases to the pancreas from renal cell carcinomas, both of which were surgically resected with a diagnostic and therapeutic intent. The aim of this report was to examine the(More)
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