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BACKGROUND Haemodialysis patients are at high risk for developing healthcare-associated infections as well as acquiring multidrug-resistant microorganisms. Hand hygiene is considered to be the single most effective tool to prevent healthcare-associated infections. The number of indications and the extent of indication-specific compliance with hand rubs in(More)
PURPOSE "Choosing Wisely" is a growing international campaign aiming on practice changes to improve patient health through avoidance of unnecessary diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Our objective was to give an overview on recommendations related to diagnostic and therapeutic issues in infectious diseases from the "Top Five" lists of different medical(More)
OBJECTIVES There are currently no data available on drain associated infection occurrence related to the number of drainage days (DD), and thus drain associated infection rates. Therefore, a prospective surveillance study was conducted to determine drain associated infection rates and DD of hospital acquired external ventricular drain (EVD) and lumbar drain(More)
An infectious disease consulting service was set up at a large tertiary university hospital in 1996 to evaluate and to improve antibiotic prescription patterns. Treatment guidelines for the most common bacterial infections were implemented. On daily ward rounds antibiotic therapies without evidence of an infectious disease were stopped and inappropriate(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the moistened swab technique vs. Rodac plates for detecting Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria in the inanimate environment. Over a period of 22 months, the environment of 190 patients infected or colonized with MRSA, VRE or multiresistant Gram-negative bacteria was sampled in turn. MRSA and VRE could be(More)
BACKGROUND The anesthesia working area represents an environment with a high density of invasive and, thus, infection-prone procedures. The 2 primary goals of this study were (1) to perform a precise analysis of anesthesia-related hand hygiene (HH) procedures and (2) to optimize HH compliance. METHODS We conducted a prospective, triphase before/after(More)
INTRODUCTION In the time of increasing resistance and paucity of new drug development there is a growing need for strategies to enhance rational use of antibiotics in German and Austrian hospitals. An evidence-based guideline on recommendations for implementation of antibiotic stewardship (ABS) programmes was developed by the German Society for Infectious(More)
We prospectively studied the difference in detection rates of multi-resistant Gram-positive and multi-resistant Gram-negative bacteria in the inanimate environment of patients harbouring these organisms. Up to 20 different locations around 190 patients were surveyed. Fifty-four patients were infected or colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infections (BSI) with gram-negative bacteria (GNB) are one of the most serious infections in the hospital setting, a situation compounded by the increasing antibiotic resistance of gram-negative bacteria causing BSI. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of antibiotic multiresistance of GNB in BSI on mortality rates and length(More)