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Cytomegaloviruses are known to encode several gene products that function to subvert MHC-dependent immune recognition. Here we characterize a rat cytomegalovirus (RCMV) C-type lectin-like (RCTL) gene product with homology to the Clr ligands for the NKR-P1 receptors. RCMV infection rapidly extinguished host Clr-b expression, thereby sensitizing infected(More)
Many viruses encode proteins that inhibit the induction of programmed cell death at the mitochondrial checkpoint. Murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) encodes the m38.5 protein, which localizes to mitochondria and protects human HeLa cells and fibroblasts from apoptosis triggered by proteasome inhibitors but not from Fas-induced apoptosis. However, the ability of(More)
Rodent herpesviruses such as murine cytomegalovirus (host, Mus musculus), rat cytomegalovirus (host, Rattus norvegicus), and murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (hosts, Apodemus species) are important tools for the experimental study of human herpesvirus diseases. However, alphaherpesviruses, roseoloviruses, and lymphocryptoviruses, as well as rhadinoviruses, that(More)
Sequence data for eight genes, together with time-course Northern blotting and 3'- and 5'-RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends) analysis for some mRNAs from a 12 kb region upstream from the major immediate-early (MIE) genes of the English isolate of rat cytomegalovirus (RCMV), are presented. The results identified important differences compared to both(More)
Background.  Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection can cause severe birth defects. The majority of children with congenital CMV are born to CMV-seropositive women; however, transmission from mother to fetus and resulting defects are more likely to occur when mothers experience seroconversion during pregnancy. The objective of this study was to provide(More)
The infectious cycle of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is intricately linked to the host's cell cycle. Viral gene expression can be initiated only in G(0)/G(1) phase. Once expressed, the immediate-early gene product IE2 prevents cellular DNA synthesis, arresting infected cells with a G(1) DNA content. This function is required for efficient viral replication(More)
The known strains of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) represent genotypic variants of a single species, and HCMV genotypic variability has been studied in order to reveal correlations between different disease patterns and the presence of certain HCMV genotypes, either as single or as multiple infections. The methods used for the detection of HCMV genotypes(More)
Polyomaviruses are small, non-enveloped viruses with a circular double-stranded DNA genome. Using a generic polyomavirus PCR targeting the VP1 major structural protein gene, a novel polyomavirus was initially identified in resected human liver tissue and provisionally named Human Polyomavirus 12 (HPyV12). Its 5033 bp genome is predicted to encode large and(More)
CD200 is a cell surface glycoprotein that binds an inhibitory receptor (CD200R) on myeloid cells. CD200 orthologues are present in many species of virus, and we show that the rat cytomegalovirus CD200 orthologue (e127) is expressed at the cell surface on infected cells. It binds the host CD200R with the same affinity as that of the host protein, and thus(More)
The main goal of reconstructive microsurgery must be an optimal functional and esthetic reconstruction meeting the individual trauma site requirements with minimal donor site morbidity. The authors discuss new microsurgical options for extremity salvage: indications for reconstruction versus amputation, timing of free tissue transfer, reconstruction of soft(More)