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In the rabbit heart, bradykinin and ACh trigger preconditioning by a mechanism involving ATP-sensitive potassium channel-dependent production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Recent evidence indicates that the pathway by which bradykinin causes ROS generation includes nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and protein kinase G (PKG). On the other hand, Akt was shown(More)
OBJECTIVE Ischemic postconditioning protects the reperfused heart from infarction, and this protection is dependent on the occupancy of adenosine receptors. We further explored the role of adenosine receptors in this salvage. METHODS In situ rabbit hearts underwent 30 min of regional ischemia and 3 h of reperfusion, and postconditioning was effected with(More)
Bradykinin (BK) mimics ischemic preconditioning by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS). To identify intermediate steps that lead to ROS generation, rabbit cardiomyocytes were incubated in reduced MitoTracker Red stain, which becomes fluorescent after exposure to ROS. Fluorescence intensity in treated cells was expressed as a percentage of that in(More)
Protection from a prolyl hydroxylase domain-containing enzyme (PHD) inhibitor, desferoxamine (DFO), was recently reported to be dependent on production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ischemic preconditioning triggers the protected state by stimulating nitric oxide (NO) production to open mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (mitoK(ATP)) channels, generating(More)
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