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Different EEG-vigilance stages from full alertness to sleep onset can be separated during rest. Also fMRI research recently focused on the resting condition and identified several resting state networks. In order to deepen the understanding of different levels of global brain function from relaxed wakefulness to sleep onset the association between(More)
Electroencephalographic (EEG) findings repeatedly reported abnormal synchronous or even epileptiform discharges in panic disorder. Although less frequently occurring in patients with panic disorder, these deviant EEG features during panic attacks were also observed in intracranial EEG. For this purpose, our article reviews the consideration of abnormal(More)
Structural and metabolic alterations in prefrontal brain areas, including the subgenual (SGPFC), medial (MPFC) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), have been shown in major depressive disorder (MDD). Still it remains largely unknown how brain connectivity within these regions is altered at the level of neuronal oscillations. Therefore, the goal was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate influences of EEG-vigilance regulation patterns on perceptual processing during sustained visual attention in early visual areas. METHODS We compared a subject group with stable vigilance regulation to a group with unstable EEG-vigilance regulation. A rapid serial visual presentation stream (RSVP) elicited a 7.5 Hz steady state(More)
Major depressive disorder (MDD) has high population prevalence and is associated with substantial impact on quality of life, not least due to an unsatisfactory time span of sometimes several weeks from initiation of treatment to clinical response. Therefore extensive research focused on the identification of cost-effective and widely available(More)
OBJECTIVE In a pilot study it was investigated whether assessment of EEG-vigilance is useful for the prediction of treatment outcome in ADHD patients. METHODS Resting EEG recordings of 49 unmedicated ADHD patients and 49 age-matched controls were analyzed. Vigilance level was determined for 1-s segments with a computer-based algorithm, distinguishing six(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Recently, a framework has been presented that links vigilance regulation, i.e. tonic brain arousal, with clinical symptoms of affective disorders. Against this background, the aim of this study was to deepen the knowledge of vigilance regulation by (1) identifying different patterns of vigilance regulation at rest in healthy subjects (n =(More)
Independent component analysis (ICA)-based muscle artefact correction has become a popular tool within electroencephalographic (EEG) research. As a comment on the article by McMenamin et al. (2010), we want to address three issues concerning the claimed lack of sensitivity and specificity of this method. The under- or overestimation of myogenic and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study tested the hypothesis that patients with depression show less and later declines into lower EEG vigilance stages (different global functional brain states) under resting conditions than healthy controls, as proposed by the vigilance theory of affective disorders. METHODS Thirty patients with Major Depressive Disorder (19 female; mean(More)
The regulation of brain activation, as assessed with the EEG, is a state modulated trait. A decline to lowered EEG-vigilance states has been found to be associated with emotional instability in older studies, but has not been systematically studied in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Twenty unmedicated BPD patients were compared to 20(More)