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We study an industry in which an upstream monopolist supplies an essential input at a regulated price to several downstream …rms. Legal unbundling means that a downstream …rm owns the upstream …rm, but this upstream …rm is legally independent and maximizes its own upstream pro…ts. We allow for non-tari¤ discrimination by the upstream …rm and show that under(More)
We modify the principal-agent model with moral hazard by assuming that the agent is expectation-based loss averse according to K˝ oszegi and Rabin (2006, 2007). The optimal contract is a binary payment scheme even for a rich performance measure, where standard preferences predict a fully contingent contract. The logic is that, due to the stochastic(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
In this paper, we study infinitely repeated games with imperfect public monitoring and the possibility of monetary transfers. We develop an efficient algorithm to compute the set of pure strategy public perfect equilibrium payoffs for each discount factor. We also show how all equilibrium payoffs can be implemented with a simple class of stationary(More)
We consider a situation where an agent’s effort is monitored by a supervisor who cares for the agent’s well–being. This is modeled by incorporating the agent’s utility into the utility function of the supervisor. The first–best solution can be implemented even if the supervisor’s preferences are unknown. The corresponding optimal contract is similar to what(More)