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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Distal hyperintense vessels (DHV) on MRI FLAIR sequences in acute brain ischemia are thought to represent leptomeningeal collateral flow. We hypothesized that DHV are more common in acute stroke patients with perfusion-diffusion weighted mismatch (PDM) than in those without. METHODS We performed a retrospective study of consecutive(More)
Reversible S-palmitoylation of cysteine residues critically controls transient membrane tethering of peripheral membrane proteins. Little is known about how the palmitoylation machinery governs their defined localization and function. We monitored the spatially resolved reaction dynamics and substrate specificity of the core mammalian palmitoylation(More)
The K-Ras4B GTPase is a major oncoprotein whose signaling activity depends on its correct localization to negatively charged subcellular membranes and nanoclustering in membrane microdomains. Selective localization and clustering are mediated by the polybasic farnesylated C-terminus of K-Ras4B, but the mechanisms and molecular determinants involved are(More)
The web is a crucial source of information nowadays. At the same time, web applications become more and more complex. Therefore, a spontaneous increase in the number of visitors, e.g., based on news reports or events, easily brings a web server in an overload situation. In contrast to the classical model of distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, such(More)
In eclampsia, MR imaging shows reversible T2 hyperintensities in a parietal and occipital distribution. Findings on diffusion-weighted images suggest that these abnormalities are areas of vasogenic edema. We describe the presence of both cytotoxic and vasogenic edema, as detected by diffusion-weighted imaging, in a woman with eclampsia. Follow-up MR imaging(More)
BACKGROUND In adult patients with a slowly progressive demyelinating neuropathy, it may be difficult to distinguish between a hereditary neuropathy and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). The authors previously observed clustering of macrophages around endoneurial blood vessels in sural nerve biopsies from patients with CIDP. (More)
Background and Purpose—Making a limb transiently ischemic has been shown to induce ischemic tolerance in a distant organ. This phenomenon is known as remote ischemic limb preconditioning. We conducted a Phase IB study of remote ischemic limb preconditioning to determine the safety and feasibility of increasing durations of limb ischemia in patients with(More)
Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) may develop chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), which may be difficult to distinguish from diabetic neuropathy (DNP). Here the authors show that immunoreactivity for matrix metalloproteinase-9 on sural nerve biopsies may help to identify CIDP-DM. In a pilot study on 10 CIDP-DM patients with IV(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intra-operative cerebral microembolism may be a factor in the etiology of cognitive decline after orthopedic surgery. We here examine the impact of intra-operative microembolism on cognitive dysfunction after hip and knee replacement surgery. METHODS We enrolled 24 patients, at least 65 years old, requiring elective knee or hip(More)