Learn More
Type 1 pili are the archetypal representative of a widespread class of adhesive multisubunit fibres in Gram-negative bacteria. During pilus assembly, subunits dock as chaperone-bound complexes to an usher, which catalyses their polymerization and mediates pilus translocation across the outer membrane. Here we report the crystal structure of the full-length(More)
Penetratin is a short, basic cell-penetrating peptide able to induce cellular uptake of a vast variety of large, hydrophilic cargos. We have reassessed the highly controversial issue of direct permeation of the strongly cationic peptide across negatively charged lipid membranes. Confocal laser scanning microscopy on rhodamine-labeled giant vesicles(More)
Secretion systems are specialized in transport of proteins, DNA or nutrients across the cell envelope of bacteria and enable them to communicate with their environment. The chaperone-usher (CU) pathway is used for assembly and secretion of a large family of long adhesive protein polymers, termed pili, and is widespread among Gram-negative pathogens [1].(More)
Type 1 pili, produced by uropathogenic Escherichia coli, are multisubunit fibres crucial in recognition of and adhesion to host tissues. During pilus biogenesis, subunits are recruited to an outer membrane assembly platform, the FimD usher, which catalyses their polymerization and mediates pilus secretion. The recent determination of the crystal structure(More)
BACKGROUND Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) cause urinary tract infections (UTIs) in approximately 50% of women. These bacteria use type 1 and P pili for host recognition and attachment. These pili are assembled by the chaperone-usher pathway of pilus biogenesis. SCOPE OF REVIEW The review examines the biogenesis and adhesion of the UPEC type 1 and P(More)
Among bacteria, the chaperone-usher (CU) pathway is a widespread conserved assembly and translocation system for adhesive protein fibres, called pili or fimbriae. Pili are large linear polymers that protrude from the outer bacterial surface and consist of several subunits. Pili contain adhesin proteins at the tip that are used by pathogenic bacteria to(More)
For the initiation of DNA replication, dsDNA is unwound by helicases. Primases then recognize specific sequences on the template DNA strands and synthesize complementary oligonucleotide primers that are elongated by DNA polymerases in leading- and lagging-strand mode. The bacterial plasmid RSF1010 provides a model for the initiation of DNA replication,(More)
The adaptor protein Grb2 is a key element of mitogenetically important signaling pathways. With its SH2 domain it binds to upstream targets while its SH3 domains bind to downstream proteins thereby relaying signals from the cell membranes to the nucleus. The Grb2 SH2 domain binds to its targets by recognizing a phosphotyrosine (pY) in a pYxNx peptide motif,(More)
PapC ushers are outer-membrane proteins enabling assembly and secretion of P pili in uropathogenic E. coli. Their translocation domain is a large β-barrel occluded by a plug domain, which is displaced to allow the translocation of pilus subunits across the membrane. Previous studies suggested that this gating mechanism is controlled by a β-hairpin and an(More)
BACKGROUND Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) cause urinary tract infections (UTIs) in approximately 50% of women. These bacteria use type 1 and P pili for host recognition and attachment. These pili are assembled by the chaperone-usher pathway of pilus biogenesis. SCOPE OF REVIEW The review examines the biogenesis and adhesion of the UPEC type 1 and P(More)