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The crucial function of blood platelets in hemostasis is to prevent blood loss by stable thrombus formation. This process is driven by orchestrated mechanisms including several signal transduction cascades and morphologic transformations. The cytoplasmic microtubule modulator RanBP10 is a Ran and β1-tubulin binding protein that is essential for platelet(More)
Blood platelets are anuclear cell fragments that are essential for blood clotting. Platelets are produced by bone marrow megakaryocytes (MKs), which extend protrusions, or so-called proplatelets, into bone marrow sinusoids. Proplatelet formation requires a profound reorganization of the MK actin and tubulin cytoskeleton. Rho GTPases, such as RhoA, Rac1, and(More)
Cancer-associated mortality is frequently caused by metastasis, however, our understanding of this process remains incomplete and therapeutic options are limited. Metastasis is a dynamic multi-step process involving intravasation of tumor cells into the host's blood and lymphatic vessels, their dissemination within the circulation, and finally arrest and(More)
Platelet activation is a key step in the pathogenesis of ischemic cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases, which represent the leading causes of death and severe disability worldwide. Although existing antiplatelet drugs have proved beneficial in the clinic, their use is limited by their inherent effect on primary hemostasis, making the identification of novel(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is caused by mutations in the WAS gene and is characterized by immunodeficiency, eczema and microthrombocytopenia. The molecular link between WAS mutations and microthrombocytopenia is unknown. Profilin1 (Pfn1) is a key actin-regulating protein that, besides actin, interacts with phosphoinositides and multiple proline-rich(More)
Changes in the intracellular calcium concentration govern cytoskeletal rearrangement, mitosis, apoptosis, transcriptional regulation or synaptic transmission, thereby, regulating cellular effector and organ functions. Calcium binding proteins respond to changes in the intracellular calcium concentration with structural changes, triggering enzymatic(More)
Compartmentalization of the BCR in membrane rafts is important for its signaling capacity. Swiprosin-1/EFhd2 (Swip-1) is an EF-hand and coiled-coil-containing adaptor protein with predicted Src homology 3 (SH3) binding sites that we identified in membrane rafts. We showed previously that Swip-1 amplifies BCR-induced apoptosis; however, the mechanism of this(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet aggregation at sites of vascular injury is essential for normal hemostasis, but may also cause pathologic vessel occlusion. Rho GTPases are molecular switches that regulate essential cellular processes, and they have pivotal functions in the cardiovascular system. Rac1 is an important regulator of platelet cytoskeletal reorganization,(More)
RATIONALE Platelets are anuclear cell fragments derived from bone marrow megakaryocytes (MKs) that safeguard vascular integrity but may also cause pathological vessel occlusion. One major pathway of platelet activation is triggered by 2 receptors that signal through an (hem)immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM), the activating collagen(More)
BACKGROUND Platelets are anuclear cell fragments derived from bone marrow megakaryocytes that safeguard vascular integrity, but may also cause pathological vessel occlusion. Reorganizations of the platelet cytoskeleton and agonist-induced intracellular Ca2+-mobilization are crucial for platelet hemostatic function. EF-hand domain containing 2 (EFhd2,(More)