Sebastian Brenner

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) serve several physiological functions; in some settings they act in host defense, while in others they function in cellular signaling or in biosynthetic reactions. We studied the expression and function of a recently described source of ROS, NAD(P)H oxidase 1 or Nox1, which has been associated with cell proliferation. In situ(More)
The CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) and its ligand stromal derived factor 1 (SDF-1) regulate egress and homing of hematopoietic stem cells. Activation of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptors (S1P(1-5)) modulates chemokine-induced migration of lymphocytes and hematopoietic stem cells. To analyze the influence of S1P(1) on SDF-1-dependent chemotaxis and(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) lose marrow reconstitution potential during ex vivo culture. HSC migration to stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 (CXCL12) correlates with CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) expression and marrow engraftment. We demonstrate that mobilized human CD34+ peripheral blood stem cells (CD34+ PBSCs) lose CXCR4 expression during(More)
We present a general, entirely PCR-based strategy to construct mRNAs coding for green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion proteins from a cDNA pool. We exemplify our approach for the chemokine receptor CXCR4. mRNA transfection of the PCR-generated fusion of CXCR4-GFP into K562 cells or primary mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) resulted in excellent viability (>(More)
OBJECTIVE The Notch signaling pathway has been shown to play a role in bone marrow-derived stromal cell differentiation, however, the precise outcome of Notch activation remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Notch signaling in primary human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (hBMSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS hBMSCs were(More)
In this study, we have identified an altered B cell compartment in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), a disorder of phagocyte function, characterized by pyogenic infections and granuloma formation caused by defects in NADPH activity. This is characterized by an expansion of CD5-expressing B cells, and profound reduction in B cells expressing(More)
Stem cell migration is largely regulated by the chemokine SDF-1 and its receptor CXCR4. In the present study, we analyzed the effect of protein on SDF-1 dependent chemotaxis using CXCR4 expressing primary CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells for transwell migration assays. We show that migration towards SDF-1 is abolished in the absence of protein, while(More)
Over the past dozen years, the majority of clinical gene therapy trials for inherited genetic diseases and cancer therapy have been performed using murine onco-retrovirus as the gene delivery vector. The earliest systems used were relatively inefficient in both the rates of transduction and expression of the transgene. Formidable obstacles inherent in the(More)